In the article theoretical aspects of development of future teachers’ culture of health by facilities of physical education are revealed. The basic principles, goals and directions of culture of health forming in the students of higher pedagogical education institutions are characterized. The role of physical education in the formation of healthy lifestyle and health culture is outlined. The problem of development of future teachers’ culture of health, formation of stable motivation to physical culture, development of professional values are being investigated by modern scientists and specialists in training in higher education institutions. A number of researchers, referring to the definition of this concept, highlight its physical component, not paying enough attention to socio-psychological and spiritual-moral component of this concept. Therefore, for a holistic and purposeful development of future teachers’ culture of health must have a coherent work of physicians, physiologists, psychologists, sociologists, educators. However, health information that the student receives different stages of learning was not systematic. There is no integrative approach to solve problems related to health. Education on health typically orients young people mainly on treatment rather than on prevention of diseases not giving adequate attention to the ways of overcoming the risk factors and the ability of the organism to withstand adverse environmental influences. We believe that the system of higher pedagogical education should ensure the development of future teachers’ culture of health. The most effectively it can be done in the classroom of physical education. Higher school needs to upgrade the modern lessons of physical culture in such a way as to develop not only physical qualities of students, but also everything that is included in the concept «culture of health». Especially requires upgrading professional-pedagogical preparation, because the health of the younger generation depends on the teacher.