Lesy a lesní politika v zákonech k první pozemkové reformě v meziválečném Československu
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Forests and Forest-related Policy in the Laws on the First Czechoslovak Land Reform between the Two World Wars
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Forests constituted in the First Czechoslovak Republic a major part of the natural resources available in the new state. It was therefore desirable to make the care of their healthy development and their balanced exploitation a matter of public interest. Forestry was mostly in the hands of the aristocratic owners of large estates. As there was no devastation of forest cultures, there was actually no danger in delay, and thus there was no reason for the state to take any immediate action. In spite of this, forests became immediately after the revolution one of the hottest topics of that time as they were an integral part of the first land reform, a major challenge to the state policy for a number of years after 1918. When all property transfers had been completed, a number of properties were excluded from confiscation and remained part of the original private estates, while some were not expropriated because the land reform had already finished in 1935 without having achieved the initial goals. A positive fact was that most of the confiscated property remained in the hands of the state. A company named State Forests and Estates with good management was established and entrusted with its care.
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