2010 | 11 - Chiny i państwa azjatyckie - karty z historii i wyzwania współczesności | 91-110
Article title

Z dziejów emigracji chińskiej do Ameryki Łacińskiej w drugiej połowie XIX i na początku XX wieku

Title variants
From the history of chinese emigration to Latin America in the second half of the XIX and early XX century
Languages of publication
In the nineteenth century started on the unprecedented earlier scale migration from China to the areas of the Americas. The main group were coolies, the new cheap, slave manpower. Their migration, caused by the internal crisis in China, on the other by growing demand for manpower in Americas, lasted almost until the end of the century, and on a smaller scale already in the first decades of the twentieth century. More than half a million Chinese settled in the western hemisphere, most in Cuba and Peru. Immigrants didn't assimilate with the local people and created closed „Chinese" enclaves. This and economic competition caused hostility towards the „yellow plague", often expressed in pogroms of immigrants. Chinese emigration to american states also had an impact on China relations with them (in such issues as the establishment of diplomatic relations and signing treaties about status of the Chinese minority).
  • Armentrout-Ma E., Urban Chinese and the Sinitic Frontier: Social Organizations in United States' Chinatowns, 1849-1896, „Modern Asian Studies", t. XVII, nr 1 (1983).
  • Cohen L., The Chinese of the Panama Railroad: Preliminary Notes on the Migrants of 1854 Who "Failed", „Ethnohistory", t. XVIII, nr 4 (1971).
  • Conrad R., The Planter Class and the Debate over Chinese Immigration to Brazil, 1850-1893, „International Migration Review", t. IX, nr 4 (1975).
  • Corbitt D., Chinese Immigrants in Cuba, „Far Eastern Survey", t. XIII, nr 14 (1944).
  • Cott K., Mexican Diplomacy and the Chinese Issue, 1876-1910, „The Hispanic American Historical Review", t. LXVII, nr 1 (1987).
  • Duncan R., The Chinese and the Economic Development of Northern Baja California, 1889-1929, „The Hispanic American Historical Review", t. LXXIV, nr 4 (1994).
  • Gonzales M., Chinese Plantation Workers and Social Conflict in Peru, „Journal of Latin American Studies", t. XXI, nr 3 (1989).
  • Hu-DeHart E., Coolies on the Plantations: Opium and Social Control, (2004), pobrane 22 stycznia 2009. Źródło:
  • Krutz G., Chinese Labor, Economic Development and Social Reaction, „Ethno-history", t. XVIII, nr 4 (1971).
  • Lyman S., Marriage and the Family among Chinese Immigrants to America, 1850-1960, „Phylon", t. XXIX, nr 4 (1968).
  • Sires R., Sir Henry Barkly and the Labor Problem in Jamaica, 1853-1856, „The Journal of Negro History", t. XXV, nr 2 (1940).
  • Thompson S., Assimilation and Nonassimilation of Asian-Americans and Asian Peruvians, „Comparative Studies in Society and History", t. XXI, nr 4 (1979).
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.