Podstawowe tendencje rewaloryzacji miast-rezerwatów w Czeskiej Republice Socjalistycznej
MAIN TENDENCIES OF REVALORIZATION OF TOWN-RESERVATION IN THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF CZECHS
Languages of publication
In 1950 historical centres of 40 towns in Czechoslovakia came under protection. At the first stage of restoration works (1950—1958) close investigations of separate buildings in town-reservations were carried out, which allowed to state th a t the majority of buildings dated from the Middle Ages. Besides, almost immediately they proceeded to restoration works aimed at unification of streets and squares and creation of proper living conditions for the people living in ancient dwelling-houses. Entering upon restoration of the town-reservation of Cheb is considered to be the greatest achievement of this period. The second stage of restoration works (1958— 1965) was sta rted by enacting of the Law concerning cultural property. The Law made it possible, among others, to introduce legal changes in acknowledgment of a town as a reservation and to work out development plans for town-reservations in connection with development plans of the whole towns. At the third stage, not finished yet, the functional value of a historical centre has become decisive as to whether it should be secured or not. While designing town-reservations today the town- planning principles must be taken into account and town-reservations must be divided according to their historical value. What is more, this must be subjected to economic development of the town. Since 1975 historical monuments protection is included in one y e a r’s plans for economic development of towns. There has been prepared a plan for reconstruction of historical objects existing at the area of 35 town- -reservations. Their list with the area and the number of historical objects given is annexed at the end.
Tłum. artykułów czeskich na jęz. polski — Michał Maliszewski
Publication order reference