PODEJŚCIE ROOT CAUSE JAKO ROZWIĄZANIE PROBLEMU UCHODŹSTWA: WYBRANE DYLEMATY I KONTROWERSJE
THE ROOT CAUSE APPROACH AS A SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEM OF REFUGE: DILEMMAS AND CONTROVERSIES
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The scope of this article concerns a currently relevant, significant and very complex notion of an approach to the issue of refuge which the literature on the subject terms the root cause approach. The basis of the root cause approach are preventive actions aiming at eliminating the main causes of a potential or actual conflict which may induce people to become refugees or which are the reason why refugees come forth. Although the assumption that the root cause approach is a critical element in the process of resolving the issue of refuge seems indisputable, it does not defeat other points of view or the development of argumentation which opposes the application of this method. The nature of preventive actions which constitute the root cause approach is the source of a number of theoretical and practical difficulties. Hence, in order to tackle the most problematic aspects of the considered method, this article presents the most critical dilemmas related to the root cause approach. Due to the fact that the principle of non-interference with the internal affairs of a sovereign state is an issue related to one of the most complex perspectives on the root cause approach, it will be especially emphasized. On top of the above-mentioned concerns, the article also touches upon issues related to the interdependence of the root cause approach and social changes taking place in origin countries. It also relates to the positioning of the root cause approach in the hierarchy of a state’s goals and interests and evaluates the effectiveness of unilateral and bilateral forms of cooperation in the context of solving the problem of refuge.
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