Spostrzeganie temperamentu dzieci z ADHD przez nauczycieli i rodziców
Teachers’ and parents’ perception of temperament of children with ADHD
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The article presents the results of research focused on temperament of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The aim of the research was to estimate the way parents and teachers assess individual components of temperament of children with ADHD. Studies were also conducted in order to answer the question in what kind of environment (school or family) the temperamental incompatibility that leads to disturbances in the functioning of children with ADHD appears. The study was based on the concept of behavioural genetics by Arnold Buss and Robert Plomin. The authors of this concept have identified three basic features of temperament: emotionality, activity and sociability. In our research, we used the EAS Questionnaire created by Buss and Plomin. The research was carried out in a group composed of 30 children aged from 6 to 14. Studies have shown that teachers and parents evaluate children with ADHD in a different manner. Referring individual elements to criterial features of ADHD, particular attention was paid to activity and emotionality. Both features are demonstrated to a greater degree at school than in a family environment. It is worth emphasizing that activity, as well as emotionality, are genetically determined. This implies that ADHD is a problem that concerns not only the early years of life.
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