Students’ professionally related orientations
Selected contents from this journal
Preferencje zawodowe studentów
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Up to now pedagogy has accumulated vast diagnostic material that allows to perform theoretical (synchronic and diachronic) analysis and to systematize data about students’ value orientations. Intensive study of value consciousness, value orientations and hierarchies in Russian axiology, sociology and ethics began in the middle of 1960s (V.A. Yadov, O.G. Drobnitskiy, etc.). Later certain efforts were made to achieve socio-psychological understanding of norm-value systems of the personality and the group (T.N. Malkovskaya, S.G. Vershlovskiy). Beginning with the end of the 1980s under the Academic Program “Man, science, society: complex research” theoretical and empirical research of general human value and value systems of the transitional period was performed (Bobneva, Sobkin). In our work we made use of data of sociologic research completed at Orenburg State University in 2000–2010. The first thing that attracts attention is that the respondents are not satisfied on the whole with their life, and with the material well-being, first of all. The respondents’ life is a constant complex process of survival. Work does not often bring even minimal means for supporting life and training. Besides, it is difficult to find work, which is paid regularly, even if the salary is not high. After a certain age it is practically impossible to find a job. Such life – “survival” – causes people’s extreme discontent. It is especially obvious in the fact that they do not want such life for their children. The faith that their children will be able to “break out” gives meaning to their existence. Nowadays it is clear that university teachers need up-to-date, concrete social and pedagogical information that is regularly updated. This information can be obtained with the help of a computer program “social support of the education process”. The database reflecting students’ learning activities and their social and professional development serves the basis of the computer program. The computer program was installed in classrooms of Orenburg State University. Every participant filled in the form (which took 10–15 minutes). On the whole 7500 participants were involved. The integrated database was sent to the rector, vice-rectors, deans and heads of departments. The research results are published in two sources: “Student 2010” and “Capacity to enhance education efficiency” (Orenburg, St. Petersburg 2010). The computer program is a powerful analytical tool. Users have access to information describing a multidimensional social and psychological portrait of the student in the form of tables and colourful diagrammes.
Pojęcie wartości jest jądrem aksjologii – teorii wartości. Jest również bardzo ważne w dziedzinie edukacji, gdyż ukierunkowanie człowieka w świecie w ogólnym ujęciu zależy od jego orientacji i preferencji w świecie wartości. W niniejszym artykule rozpatrzone są czynniki mające wpływ na preferencje zawodowe studentów przy odwołaniach do badań ankietowych studentów wielu rosyjskich uniwersytetów.
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- Handbook of Competence and motivation / edited by Andrew Y. Elliot, Carol S. Dweek: forward by Martin V. Covington. (2007) – 704 p.
- Partnership for 21st Ceture Skills (2012), p. 21. Framework Definitios. ww.p21.org
- Strielkowski W., Cabelkova I. (eds.), Educational systems of the European Union and Russian Federation: perspectives for development and cooperation. Charles University in Prague.
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