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2016 | 45 | 145–154
Article title

South African Post–Apartheid Transitional Remembrance Policy (1994–1999)

Content
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Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The paper presents results of the qualitative–to–quantitative narrative analysis of the transitional remembrance policy in South Africa during Nelson R. Mandela’s presidency. It refers to findings on the structure of political applications of historical interpretations to the issue of national identity reconstruction during democratisation. Therefore, the paper considers a degree in which remembrance story–telling was used to legitimise, justify, explain and promote the Rainbow Nation, the inclusive and non–racial vision of South Africa’s ’ideal self’ based on Archbishop Desmond Tutu’s theology of Ubuntu hoping. It investigated these relationships on eight levels – legitimisation of new elites, presence of former elites, transitional justice, social costs of transformations, promotion of new standards, the symbolic roles of democratisation, need for national unity and the new state’s identity in international politics. Moreover, the paper introduces a draft comparison with other cases of transitional remembrance policy – Chile, Estonia, Georgia, Poland and Spain – and it offers the structural model of the use of historical interpretations in South African transition, as well as discussing it with reference to the general model of the transitional remembrance policy.
Year
Volume
45
Pages
145–154
Physical description
Contributors
  • Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
  • WSB University in Bydgoszcz
  • War Studies University in Warsaw
  • Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
References
  • Barber, J. (2004). Mandela’s World. The International Dimension of South Africa’s Political Revolution 1990–99. Oxford–Cape Town–Athens: James Curry Ltd. & David Philip Publisher & Ohio University Press.
  • Cole, C. M. (2010). Performing South Africa’s Truth Commission: Stages of Transition. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
  • Evans, M. (2010). “Mandela and the Televised Birth of the Rainbow Nation”. National Identities, 12 (3), pp. 309–326.
  • Gagiano, A. (2004). “Adapting the National Imaginary: Shifting Identities in Three Post–1994 South African Novels”. Journal of Southern African Studies, 30 (4), pp. 811–824.
  • Haws, C. G. (2009). “Suffering, hope and forgiveness: the Ubuntu theology of Desmond Tutu”. Scottish Journal of Theology, 62 (4), pp. 477–489.
  • Marszałek–Kawa, J., Piechowiak–Lamparska, J., Ratke–Majewska, A., & Wawrzyński, P. (2016a). Polityka pamięci i kształtowanie tożsamości politycznej w czasie tranzycji poautorytarnej. Tom 1: Studia przypadku. Warszawa: Difin.
  • Marszałek–Kawa, J., Ratke–Majewska, A., & Wawrzyński, P. (2016b). Polityka pamięci i kształtowanie tożsamości politycznej w czasie tranzycji poautorytarnej. Tom 2: Analiza porównawcza. Warszawa: Difin.
  • Marszałek–Kawa, J., & Wawrzyński, P. (2016). “Remembrance, Identity Politics and Political Transitions: a Comparative Study”. Polish Political Science Yearbook, 45, 11–21.
  • Swanson, D. M. (2009). “Where have all the Fishes Gone? Living Ubuntu as an Ethics of Research and Pedagogical Engagement”, In: D. M. Caracciolo & A. M. Mungai (Eds.), In the Spirit of Ubuntu. Stories of Teaching and Research (pp. 3–21). Rotterdam–Boston–Taipei: Sense Publishers.
  • Tutu, D. (1994). The Rainbow People of God: A Spiritual Journey From Apartheid to Freedom. Cape Town: Double Storey Books.
  • Wawrzyński, P. (2015). “Emocje i zaangażowanie a skuteczność narracji polityki historycznej. Wyniki badań eksperymentalnych”. Pamięć i Sprawiedliwość, 26, pp. 159–182.
  • Wawrzyński, P., Muszyński, M. A., Czarnek, G., & Schattkowsky, R. (2015). “Individual Differences and Attitudes towards the Government’s Remembrance Policy”. Polish Political Science Yearbook, 44, pp. 125–139.
  • Wawrzyński, P., & Schattkowsky, R. (2015). “Attitudes towards the Government’s Remembrance Policy in Poland: Results of an Experimental Study”. Politics in Central Europe, 11 (2), pp. 73–94.
  • Welsh, Frank (2000). A History of South Africa. London: HarperCollins Publishers.
Notes
EN
The paper is a result of the research project Politics of Memory as the Constitutional Factor of New Identities during the Transition from Authoritarian Regimes financed from the funds of the National Science Center in Kraków, Poland, on the basis of the decision no. DEC-2012/05/E/HS5/02722.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-db9c996d-bc84-4874-abff-f30f92fc2d0c
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