O dramaturgicznej inscenizacji oraz historycznej mityzacji zwycięstwa piłkarskiego na przykładzie filmu Cud w Bernie (Das Wunder von Bern 2003) Sönke Wortmanna
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On the dramaturgical mise-en-scène and historical mythicization of football victory on the example of The Miracle of Bern (Das Wunder von Bern, 2003), a film by Sönke Wortmann
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Football is more than mere entertainment; it does not boil down to competition but is frequently embedded in current politics. Victories and titles become important for collective memory and build a sense of community and national identity, especially at major turning points in history. The depiction of important sports events, whether in documentaries or feature movies, has a long tradition. Football films (Fußballfilm) are an exceptionally interesting phenomenon here, exemplified by dozens of such films. The theme of football can be combined with highly diverse genres, including social drama, satirical comedy, war movies and so on. The film by German director Sönke Wortmann, The Miracle of Bern (Das Wunder von Bern, 2003), is an interesting example, as it combines a handful of different genres: a family drama from the post-war period, embracing a significant comedy theme and a sports film (which does not virtually exist in a pure form). The Miracle of Bern is a reconstruction of events of 1954 when the German football team won the World Cup in Switzerland, becoming one of the foundation myths of the Federal Republic of Germany; it has also been associated with the so-called economic miracle (Wirtschaftswunder). The return to the myth of the victory in Bern was important for the so-called Berlin Republic at the time of Gerhard Schröder’s government. This study attempts to answer the question of what esthetic measures were used by the director to construct the dramaturgy and message of the film, and to what extent the director followed the political sentiments of the time.
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