Demokracja masowa — między wolnością a przemocą słowa. Paradoks Ellula
Between liberty and violence of word. Ellul’s paradox
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Jacques Ellul (1912−1994) is a famous French sociologist (Protestant philosopher and political thinker too), who is a well-know in the world, whereas in Poland his works are infamous. He researched various kinds of propaganda and mass communication (political and sociological propaganda, publicity, agitation, socialization). As a political thinker, he wrote Technological Society and other works about the risk of a modern technology for a man as well as about alienation. In the first part of the article, I present his intellectual biography, in the second part, I analyze the crisis of modern democracy. In Ellul’s opinion, mass democracy is in a trap of the liberty of word, liberty is dangerous for democracy. In the article I try to explain why.
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