Модернизация как «ответ» общества на «вызов» глобальных изменений в мире: методологический аспект
Modernization as the “Answer” of Society to “Call” of the Global Changes in the World: Methodological Aspect
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The analysis of economic and social sides of globalization as new condition of economic life internationalization in the world is presented. It is shown, that new economic and social forms are constructing around network structures of the capital, management and information. The logic of modernization process is developed in triad context: starting positions of the subjects, the actives and passives of available resources, the corridor of economic and social possibilities. The problems that narrow this corridor of possibilities for formation of national modernization project are revealed. The essence of technological problem of Post-Soviet countries inclusion in uniform information field consists in absence of competitive atmosphere in the majority of economy branches and their considerable backlog in innovative activity. The essence of social problem of Post-Soviet countries inclusion in globalization process is that new stages of modernization demand occurrence of new social and professional groups which actively participating in modernization and having interest to this process as a source of intellectual and material well-being level increase. At the same time, the great mass of occupied population in Russia and Belarus (over 70 per cent) is made by the representatives of mass trades who connected with traditional branches of economy and dividing traditional values in economy and social sphere. Accepted in the both countries “strategy of innovative and technological break” when the innovations act as “the growth points” in cyclic process of general modernization, is represented as problematic one in technological context, owing to incompatibility of present (fourth) and future (the fifth and the sixth) technological ways. The given strategy is represented as problematic one in social plan owing to it is carried out in the form of limited modernization experiment that is not mentioning the great mass of the population, occupied in traditional branches of economy. The problems of technological plan cannot be solved without introduction of innovations in mass industry, and the problems of social plan – without active inclusion of all manpower in economy under the competent state policy.
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