„Proti kněžskému neřádu, krve křesťanské vylévání, lakomství, svatokupectví, obžerství, smilství, pýše a neposluhování svátostmi.“ Sedmero hříchů a utrakvisté v 16. století
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„Against the clerical evil, Christian bloodshed, greed, simony, gluttony, fornication, arrogance and non-observation of the sacraments.“ The seven sins and the Utraquists in the 16th century
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This essay analyses issues connected with the sin on selected sources of the middle current of Utraquism in the 16th century. As the latest research has shown, it is a distinctive tradition following the onset of Bohemian reformation and, in many respects, preservation elements of local mediaeval Christianity. From this point of view, the essay analyses texts created by “official” defenders of the traditional Utraquist catechism in the first half of the 16th century, i.e. Bohuslav Bílejovský and Pavel Bydžovský. However, the Utraquist movement is not represented only by persons of the official ecclesiastical policy, but also by priests engaged on the local level. Masopust, a book by Vavřinec Leander Rvačovský, is remarkable for reflection on this environment. The reader can encounter original elaboration of the seven sins to which we can apply theses by Richard Newhauser on transformation of functionality of the seven sins at the turn of Middle Ages and Early Modern Period. Through the issues of the sin and the subsequent penance, which are inseparable for the Utraquists, we can observe how Utraquists worked with this theme against the background of confessional polemics, which represent a key topic in the religious life of the 16th century.
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