СТРУКТУРА ІНТЕЛЕКТУАЛЬНИХ УМІНЬ І ШЛЯХИ ЇХ РОЗВИТКУ У СТУДЕНТІВ-АГРАРІЇВ ПІД ЧАС НАВЧАННЯ МАТЕМАТИКИ
Intellectual skills structure and the ways of their development in agrarian students in the study of mathematics
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The article highlights the need to develop student’s intellectual skills at agricultural universities in teaching mathematical disciplines. The author emphasizes that the high level of their development promotes effective and skillful execution of professional duties for the certain period of time. At the core intellectual skills lies a system of intelligent actions, which consists of logical thinking operations (methods): analysis, synthesis, generalization, abstraction, comparison, specification, finding connections and relationships. Formed intellectual skills contribute to achieving maximum results in minimal time spent, can quickly and accurately control the learning process. The intellectual skills structure that meets the basic stages of thought: perception and understanding of educational material and other information; transformation of knowledge and skills; acquisition and realization of creative skills is described. The plan of execution of analysis and selection of the main learning material is revealed. The types of tasks that require the analysis are characterized. In specific examples the implementation of certain intellectual skills in the study of higher mathematics, namely the main analysis and selection, generalization and systematization are illustrated. The use of modern training information technology in the study of mathematics contributes to students’ intellectual development and save classroom time for learning discipline. The success of future professional activity of students-agrarians depends largely not only on the quality of theoretical and practical training, but also on the level formation of intellectual skills. Within the specialty graduated students of agriculture universities should be able to apply mathematical methods in professional activities and research, also brings precision study of mathematics, logical reasoning, development of imagination, intuition, creates abstract, logical, creative thinking, e.i. the modern scientific thinking. Solving mathematical tasks develop intellectual skills of everybody, but also teach to apply this knowledge in practice. Further research will focus on evaluating the effectiveness and improving the methods of development of intellectual skills of students of higher agrarian educational institutions in the process of learning mathematical disciplines.
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