PL EN


2016 | 5 | 107-131
Article title

The Eyes and Ears: The Sasanian and Roman Spies ca. AD 222-450

Authors
Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The article The Eyes and Ears: 1) Provides a brief analysis of the several parallel security organizations of the two superpowers of antiquity when they were still at their prime; 2) Discusses both internal and external security matters; 3) Analyzes separately the military and civilian intelligence; 4) Examines the role of the religious organizations, ‘heresies’ and security; 5) Discusses briefly the ways in which the intelligence was obtained, analyzed, assessed and disseminated, and for what purpose; 6) Provides an overview of the successes and failures and of the limits of intelligence; 7) Demonstrates some similarities between modern and ancient practices.
Year
Issue
5
Pages
107-131
Physical description
artykuł naukowy
Dates
published
2016
Contributors
  • University of Haifa, Israel
References
  • AUSTIN N. J. E., RANKOV N. B. (1995), Exploratio. Military and Political Intelligence in the Roman World from the Second Punic War to the Battle of Adrianople, London/New York.
  • BIRLEY A. R. (2000), Septimius Severus, London/New York.
  • CAMERON A. (2013), Last Pagans of Rome, Oxford/New York.
  • CHRISTIANSEN A. (1936), L’Iran sous les Sassanides, Copenhagen.
  • DARYAEE T. (2009), Sasanian Persia. The Rise and Fall of an Empire, London/New York.
  • DVORNIK P. (1974), Origins of Intelligence Services, New Brunswick.
  • FRANK R. I. (1969), Scholae Palatinae, Rome.
  • FUHRMANN C. J. (2012), Policing the Roman Empire, Oxford.
  • HOLUM K. G. (1982/1989), Theodosian Empresses. Women and Imperial Dominion in Late Antiquity, Berkeley.
  • ISAAC B.H. (1990), The limits of empire: the Roman army in the East, Oxford.
  • KELLY CH. (2004), Ruling the Later Roman Empire, Cambridge/London.
  • KGB Alpha Team Training Manual (Boulder 1993).
  • LEBOHEC Y (1994), The Imperial Roman Army, London/New York.
  • MACMULLEN R. (1989), Corruption and Decline of Rome, New Haven.
  • MATTHEWS J. (1975/2001), Western Aristocracies and Imperial Court AD 364-425, Oxford.
  • MIRKHOND (1713), French tr. by A.I.S. DE SACY in Mémoires sur diverses antiquités de la Perse, et sur les médaillons des rois de la dynastie des Sassanides, Paris.
  • NECHAEVA E (2012), Les activités secretes ambassadeurs dans l’antiquité tardive, [in:] Ambassadeurs et ambassades au cœur des relations diplomatiques. Rome – Occident médiéval – Byzance (VIIIe s. avant J.-C. - XIIe s. après J.-C.), A. BECKER, N. DROUCOURT (eds.), Metz, 183-202.
  • NECHAEVA E. (2004), Double Agents in the Intelligence Service under Justinian. Evidences of Procopius of Caesaria, „Živa Antika-Antiquité Vivante”, 54 , 137-147.
  • NECHAEVA E. (2014), La traversée de la frontière par les ‘émigrants’ en fuite, selon Ammien Marcellin, [in:] Voyages, déplacements et migrations, F. DEROCHE, M. ZINK (eds.), Paris, 89-107.
  • OGDEN D. (2002), Magic, Witchcraft, and Ghosts in the Greek and Roman Worlds. A Sourcebook, Oxford.
  • PATTENED P. (1983), The Byzantine Early Warning System, „Byzantion”, 53, 258-299.
  • PLRE 1 - Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, t. 1 (260-395). Cambridge 1971.
  • PLRE 2 - Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, t. 2 (395-527). Cambridge 1980.
  • POUSHARIATI P. (2008), Decline and Fall of the Sasanian Empire, London/New York.
  • REYNOLDS BAILLIE P. K. (1923), The Troops Quartered in the Castra Peregninorum, „Journal of Roman Studies”, 13, 168-189.
  • SECUNDA N. (1992), The Persian Army 560-330 BC, Oxford.
  • SHELDON R. M. (2005), Intelligence Activities in Ancient Rome, London/New York.
  • SYVÄNNE (2015c) I., Agens in Rebus, [in:] Encyclopedia of the Roman Army, Y. LE BOHEC (ed.), Chichester.
  • SYVÄNNE I. (2004), The Age of Hippotoxotai, Tampere.
  • SYVÄNNE I. (2009), Teutoburg Forest 9 AD, „Saga Newsletter”, 119 June 2009, 9-23.
  • SYVÄNNE I. (2009a), The Campaign and Battle of Sambre/Sabis in 57 BC, „Saga Newsletter”, 117, 5-16.
  • SYVÄNNE I. (2014), Persia, la caida de un imperio, „Desperta Ferro”, 24.
  • SYVÄNNE I. (2015-.), Military History of Late Rome 284-641 (six volumes (AD 284-361, 361-395, 395-425, 425-518, 518-565, 565-641), Pen & Sword Publishing forthcoming. The Vol. 1 was published in 2015.
  • SYVÄNNE I. (2015), Bahram V Gōr: The Revitalization of the Empire through Mounted Archery, „Historia i Świat”, 4, 71-102.
  • SYVÄNNE I. (2015a), La campaña de Juliano en Persia (363 d.C.). Un análisis crítico, „Desperta Ferro”, 29.
  • SYVÄNNE I. (2015b), Foederati, [in:] Encyclopedia of the Roman Army, Y. LE BOHEC (ed.), Chichester.
  • SYVÄNNE I. (2017), Caracalla: A Military Life (Pen &Sword Publishing, Barnsley) forthcoming in 2017.
  • WARD S. R. (2009), Immortal, Washington.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-dc798133-db9f-43e4-88d1-660eb784368e
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.