The Comparison of Bisegmental Representations of sC Clusters in English
Languages of publication
The distribution of sC clusters and their interactions with phonological rules point to a unique status of such consonant sequences, which opens the possibility of ascribing more than one representation to them. The primary goal of this article is to establish the most suitable representation of sC clusters, understood in the narrow sense as /s/ plus a stop cluster: /sk/, /st/ and /sp/ only, from among the theoretically possible variants generated by the autosegmental theory of the syllable. The differing representations display various compliance with phonotactic generalisations and phonological behaviour of the clusters in question in English. The article is organised as follows. Section 1 introduces background information. Section 2 examines the logically possible two-segment structures as ensuing from the application of the Syllable Structure Algorithm. Section 3 presents the Branching Onset model and its variants. Section 4 considers the specific predictions made by the Appendix model. Section 5 offers conclusions and points to the most appropriate bisegmental representation.
- Barlow, Jessica. 2001 “The structure of /s/-sequences: evidence from a disordered system”. Journal of Child Language 28: 291–324.
- Booij, Geert and Jerzy Rubach. 1990. “Syllable structure assignment in Polish.” Phonology 7: 121–158.
- Carlisle, Robert. 2006. “The sonority cycle and the acquisition of complex onsets”. In: Barbara Baptista – Michael Watkins (eds.), English with a Latin beat – Studies in Portuguese/Spanish English interphonology. (Amsterdam: John Benjamins), 105–138.
- Collins, Beverley and Inger Mees. 2003. Practical phonetics and phonology: a resource book for students. London & NY: Routledge.
- Fikkert, Paula. 1994. On the acquisition of prosodic structure. Ph.D. dissertation. Leiden University.
- Fleischhacker, Heidi. 2000. The location of epenthetic vowels with respect to consonant clusters: an auditory similarity account. M.A. dissertation, UCLA.
- Giegerich, Heinz J. 1993 English phonology: an introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Goad, Heather and Yvan Rose. 2004. “Input elaboration, head faithfulness and evidence for representation in the acquisition of left-edge clusters in West Germanic”. In: René Kager, Joe Pater and Wim Zonneveld (eds.). Constraints in phonological acquisition. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 109–157.
- Goldsmith, John. 1976. Autosegmental phonology. Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.
- Hooper, Joan. 1976. An introduction to natural generative phonology. New York: Academic Press.
- Jespersen, Otto. 1904. Lehrbuch der Phonetik. Leipzig and Berlin: B.G. Teubner.
- Jones, Daniel. 1958. English pronouncing dictionary. London: Dent.
- Kaye, Jonathan. 1989. Phonology: a cognitive view. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
- Kaye, Jonathan. 1992. “Do you believe in magic? The story of s+C sequences”. SOAS Working Papers in Linguistics and Phonetics 2: 293–313.
- Kenstowicz, Michael. 1994. Phonology in generative grammar. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
- Levin, Juliette. 1985. A metrical theory of syllabicity. Ph.D. dissertation. MIT.
- Major, Roy. 1996. “Markedness in second language acquisition of consonant clusters”. In: Robert Bayley and Dennis R. Preston (eds.), Variation and second language acquisition. (Amsterdam: Benjamins), 75–96.
- Major, Roy. 2001. Foreign accent. The ontogeny and phylogeny of second language phonology. New Jersey: Erlbaum.
- Minkova, Donka. 2003. Alliteration and sound change in Early English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Odden, David A. 2005. Introducing phonology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Ohala, Diane. 1999. “The influence of sonority on children’s cluster reductions”. Journal of Communication Disorders 32: 397–422.
- Rubach, Jerzy. 1999. “The syllable in phonological analysis”. Rivista di linguistica 11: 273–314.
- Selkirk, Elizabeth. 1980. “The role of prosodic categories in English word stress”. Linguistic Inquiry 11: 563–605.
- Selkirk, Elizabeth. 1982. “The phrase phonology of English and French”. Language 58: 947–978.
- Steriade, Donca. 1982. Greek prosodies and the nature of syllabification. Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.
- Sievers, Eduard. 1881. Grundzüge der Phonetik. Leipzig: Breitkopf and Hārtel.
- Vennemann, Theo. 1982 “Zur Silbenstruktur der deutschen Standardsprache”. In: Theo Vennemann (ed.), Silben, Segmente, Akzente. (Tübingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag), 261–305.
- Whitney, William D. 1865. “On the relation of vowels and consonants.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 8: 357–373.
- Whitney, William D. . Reprinted in: Michael Silverstein (ed.). Whitney on language. (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press), 198–214.
Publication order reference