Essential characteristic of the notion «system of professional education of future teachers of physical training and sport» was revealed in the article on the basis of semantic analysis. The research is oriented at modernization of higher special physical culture education on the basis of European integration processes. The analysis of represented explanations of the main notions has shown, that the main characteristics of category system are its completeness as an object; the presence of set of its elements, which take exactly definite places; the presence of mutual relations and connections between elements, that form its completeness. The peculiarity of investigated category is its social and cultural direction (educational, upbringing, curative, sport etc.) within education that realizes itself in the process of higher special physical culture education as a part of world educational process. The professional education of future physical training and sport specialists is considered as a process which reflects scientifically and methodologically substantiated measures of higher educational establishments, it is aimed at formation of persons’ professional competence level in the educational process, it is sufficient for organization of physical training of different stratums of society, for successful work in all sections of sports movement taking into consideration modern demands of labor market. The European Higher Education Area is considered not only as a new system of learning management, but also as a sphere of cooperation and exchange on the basis of open standards. Building of the European higher special physical education area obliges clear determination of its peculiarities, which depends on the type of higher education establishment (University of physical education and sport, Academia of physical culture, physical culture department of pedagogical university etc.) and consider the results of Bologna conception realization. Further research will focus on the basic elements of development, modernization and integration processes in higher special physical education, to establish fundamental determinants and characteristics of activity of subjects of the Bologna process.