PL EN


2014 | 35 | 2 | 175-191
Article title

Unikalne znaczenie wody chrzcielnej i jej wykradanie do praktyk magicznych przyczyną ewolucji formy chrzcielnicy i jej zabezpieczenia

Content
Title variants
EN
Baptismal font form evolution and protection of the place of baptism celebration resulting from the growing importance of baptismal water and instances of its stealing for sorcery rituals
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
The growing importance of baptismal water since the 3rd c., emphasized in the ceremony of its blessing with holy oils (benedictio fontis) which occurred in the Early Middle Ages and Carolingian ceremonies, developed the perception of baptismal water as a res sacra, a holy item category, turning it into unique matter. Its presence in the baptismal font influenced the development of the shape and decoration of the baptismal vessel, primarily by compositionally exposing the basin which clearly dominated the pedestal. The holiness and the sanctifying power of the Sacrament matter were illustrated in the font basin decoration. In the Middle Ages, the sacramental matter of baptismal water was used in sorcery practices related to the so-called effigy magic (invultuatio). In order to enhance the magic power and identification with sorcery addressees, wax figurines that represented them underwent a rite of sorcery Baptism being given the name of an individual a magic ritual was targeted at. As a result, baptismal water together with the consecrated oil of Chrism and oil of the Catechumens were stolen from churches. Those sacrilege practices made the Church issue an order to keep baptismal fonts locked (sub clave), the latter resulting in various forms of preventing access to the baptismal font: from simple lids strengthened with metal ferrules, up to impressive conic ones, with time becoming more and more artistically elaborate. The problem of securing fonts remained open also in the post-Tridentine period. Rituale Romanum issued in 1614 instructed to lock the fonts and fence them off with a closing balustrade.
Keywords
PL
chrzest   chrzcielnica   zabezpieczenie chrzcielnicy   woda chrztu   profanacja sakramentów   czarna magia   praktyki magiczne   magiczne figurki z wosku   The growing importance of baptismal water since the 3rd c   emphasized in the ceremony of its blessing with holy oils (benedictio fontis) which occurred in the Early Middle Ages and Carolingian ceremonies   developed the perception of baptismal water as a res sacra   a holy item category   turning it into unique matter   Its presence in the baptismal font influenced the development of the shape and decoration of the baptismal vessel   primarily by compositionally exposing the basin which clearly dominated the pedestal   The holiness and the sanctifying power of the Sacrament matter were illustrated in the font basin decoration   In the Middle Ages   the sacramental matter of baptismal water was used in sorcery practices related to the so-called effigy magic (invultuatio)   In order to enhance the magic power and identification with sorcery addressees   wax figurines that represented them underwent a rite of sorcery Baptism being given the name of an individual a magic ritual was targeted at   As a result   baptismal water together with the consecrated oil of Chrism and oil of the Catechumens were stolen from churches   Those sacrilege practices made the Church issue an order to keep baptismal fonts locked (sub clave)   the latter resulting in various forms of preventing access to the baptismal font   from simple lids strengthened with metal ferrules   up to impressive conic ones   with time becoming more and more artistically elaborate   The problem of securing fonts remained open also in the post-Tridentine period   Rituale Romanum issued in 1614 instructed to lock the fonts and fence them off with a closing balustrade   transl   Magdalena Iwińska  
Year
Volume
35
Issue
2
Pages
175-191
Physical description
Dates
published
2014-05-31
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-e1870a48-b887-41cc-9161-f7eb2456bd96
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