An Analysis of the Notion of Vijňānātman in the Context of the Advaitic Interpretation of the Relation between the Absolute Subject and the Relative Subject
Languages of publication
The main aim of this article is to show how some philosophical concepts developed in the period of the Upanisads — the most important time for building the contextual background for further philosophical speculations — as well as to contribute to the discussion how on the base of introspective experiences formed the Upanisadic view of the world and how that view could have been adopted in Advaita thought. The topic of this article is to show the relation between two dimensions of reality; one of them is denoted by the term akṣarātman — ‘imperishable ātman’, which is related to the Absolute dimension, and the other by the term vijňānātman — ‘reasonable ātman’, which is related to the empirical perspective of reality. The term vijňānātman occurs only twice in the classical Upaniṣads. We can find it in the Praśna. This analysis follows the hermeneutical methodology. All consideration are based on the main text of the Praśna with some additional remarks to the other texts belonging to the line of the Atharvaveda, to the Mundaka and to the Māndūkya. The leading idea of the Praśna and Mundaka is the deliberation between parā (higher) and aparā vidyā (lower wisdom), and the special emphasis devoted to describing the details of yogic procedures.
- Bhattacharya Narendra Nath (1999), A Glossary of Indian Religious Terms and Concepts, Manohar, New Delhi.
- Black Brian (2007), The Character of the Self in Ancient India, SUNY, New York.
- Gupta Som Raj (1991), The Word Speaks to the Faustian Man. A Translation and Interpretation of the Prasthānatrayī and Śaṁkara’s bhāṣya for the Participation of Contemporary Man, Vol. 1, Motilal Banarsidass Publishers, Delhi.
- Gupta Som Raj (1995), The Word Speaks to the Faustian Man. A Translation and Interpretation of the Prasthānatrayī and Śaṁkara’s bhāṣya for the Participation of Contemporary Man, Vol. 5, Motilal Banarsidass Publishers, Delhi.
- Hume Robert Ernest (1985), The Thirteen Principal Upanishads, Oxford UP, Oxford.
- Kudelska Marta (2009), Dlaczego istnieje raczej ‘Ja’ niż ‘to’? Ontologia podmiotu w Upaniszadach, Wydawnictwo UJ, Kraków.
- Olivelle Patrick (2008), Upaniṣads, Oxford UP, Oxford.
- Zysk Kenneth Gregory (2007), The Bodily Winds in Ancient India Revisited, „The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute (13)”.
Publication order reference