Koordynatorzy grup politycznych w Parlamencie Europejskim
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Party Group Coordinators in the European Parlament
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Party group coordinators are among the most influential figures in the European Parliament. They decide, inter alia, which of the Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) will be the rapporteur, shadow rapporteur, EP Bureau member or committee chairmen. However, despite their key role, the literature on coordinators is scarce. The article aims to fill this gap. It addresses the question of what factors increase or decrease the chances for the MEPs to obtain this position. For this purpose a special dataset comprising information on MEPs from four biggest political groups in the seventh EP term (2009-2014) was collected. Subsequently, on the basis of the above dataset, an empirical test of hypotheses was carried out, using a logistic regression method. The results are as follows. First, MEPs’ experience, expertise, voting loyalty to political group and high attendance rate in plenary sessions significantly increases their chances of becoming coordinators. Second, women are less likely to be appointed as coordinators than men. Third, MEPs from the member states that have acceded to the EU in 2004 or 2007 received considerably fewer coordinator positions in the seventh EP term than their peers from the old states. This means that the discrimination trend in the distribution of key positions to MEPs from the accession countries observed in the sixth EP term (2004-2009) was continued in subsequent years. Fourth, nationality was a crucial factor in allocating coordinators in the seventh EP term. The MEPs from Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Spain, Netherlands, Ireland, Luxembourg, Germany and Sweden were most likely to get this position, while the MEPs from Portugal and Slovakia were at a disadvantage.
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