Z dziejów zjazdów konserwatorskich w Polsce. W stulecie I Zjazdu Miłośników Zabytków Ojczystych
From the history of restorers’ meetings in Poland. In the hundredth anniversary of the 1st Summit of Homeland Monuments Lovers
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Modern restoration views in Europe on the turn of 19th and 20th century were to a significant degree shaped by meetings of specialists: summits, congresses, and conferences. Similarly as in other fields, until the end of 19th century they became a method of determination of uniform standards of conduct. First most important meetings in the Polish lands included: 1st Restoration Conference in Warsaw in 1909, and in particular 1st Summit of Homeland Monuments Lovers in Cracow 3–4.07.1911. Both conferences were of all-Polish character, and their aim was to consolidate restorer environments and determine uniform principles of conduct with monuments, on the model of other European countries. After Poland regained independence in 1918, state restoration authorities were established, and also the Restorers Council was appointed. The latter played an important role in shaping opinions and developing restoration methods in the interwar period. It was the most important discussion forum in Poland concerning preservation and restoration of monuments. The model for it was provided by German Monuments Protection Days, which have been organised nearly every year since the beginning of 20th century in the form of conferences and “working meetings”. The Council, which usually convened once a year, each time in another town and region of Poland, expressed its collegial opinions on current matters and difficult restoration issues. In the times of the so-called People’s Poland, irregular, but over time more and more numerous conferences were organised, including conferences of “all-Polish” status, and other, local symposiums, sessions, seminars, workshops, etc. All-Polish restorers’ conferences have dealt with current issues and were very alike the interwar Summits of Restorers Council. Presently, as of political transformations on the turn of 1980s and 1990s, this practice is being successfully continued. Diverse subject matters of symposiums, conferences, and summits gather both scientists of various fields related with monuments protection, as well as representatives of restoration authorities. The custom of organising substantive meetings of restorer environment in Poland, similarly as in the Western Europe, is a continuation of an already proven way chosen more than hundred years ago.
- dr, historyk sztuki, absolwent Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego. Adiunkt w Instytucie Sztuki Polskiej Akademii Nauk. Wykładowca w Instytucie Historii Sztuki Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego i na Wydziale Nauk Humanistycznych Krakowskiej Akademii im. A. Frycza Modrzewskiego. W badaniach naukowych zajmuje się między innymi sztuką nowożytną oraz teorią i praktyką konserwatorską w ujęciu historycznym i współczesnym. Autor licznych publikacji tej tematyki. Członek Społecznego Komitetu Odnowy Zabytków Krakowa oraz Komisji Historii Sztuki Polskiej Akademii Umiejętności.
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