СОЦІАЛЬНА ПРОФІЛАКТИКА ДЕЛІНКВЕНТНОЇ ПОВЕДІНКИ ПІДЛІТКІВ
Social prevention of delinquent behavior among the adolescents
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The article considers the nature of delinquent behavior of the teenagers as violation of discipline, bad deeds, crimes, etc.; the factors that lead to the formation of such behavior, including social and economic – reducing of living standards, stratification of society, limited opportunities for socially approved ways of earnings, unemployment, access to alcohol and tobacco; social and educational – the crisis of the family, the growing number of the families with conflicts and antisocial way of education, problems with learning, conflicts with the teachers, low status in the adolescent student group, weak employment of children and youth in the extracurricular activities; social and cultural – reduction of the level of moral standards, dissemination of criminal subculture, the destruction of religious values, increasing the number of informal youth associations, which are dominated by the cult of force, media propaganda of antisocial behavior; psychological – accentuation of character, reaction emancipation, response group, the desire for self-satisfaction, the desire to look an adult, the need to change the mental state in a stressful situation, infantilism, an elevated level of anxiety; biological – a violation of work of the enzymical and hormonal systems of organism, innate psychopathy, minimal brain dysfunction impression due to organic brain effects of heredity, the influence of natural environment. Taking into consideration these factors the measures of prevention of adolescent delinquent behavior in the work of social pedagogue of general educational establishment, which include primary and secondary prevention of crime, social rehabilitation of minors who have experience of illegal behavior and psycho-correction on them are systematized in the article. The implementation of these areas is provided by implementing the complex strategies, social and pedagogical techniques, the forms and methods of the social pedagogue both in secondary schools and beyond.
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