PL EN


2017 | 23 | 39-46
Article title

Analiza zagadnień związanych z próbami odczytania dysku z Fajstos w kontekście występowania na jego powierzchni zagadkowych wzorów geometrycznych

Authors
Content
Title variants
EN
Analysis of the issues related to decipherment of the Phaistos disc in the presence of mysterious geometrical patterns appearing on its surface
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
The Phaistos disc is a well-known archeological artifact that was found by the Italian scientist Luigi Pernier in 1908 during his excavations in Crete in the ruins of the Minoan palace close to the town of Phaistos. It is believed that the Phaistos disc contains a natural language text written with the use of some kind of a syllabic script. In such a context it seems considerably unusual that some geometrical patterns can be observed on the surface of the side A of the Phaistos disc. The aim of the paper is to try to answer the question whether it is possible that such compound geometrical patterns could appear at random during the process of writing. For this reason, the author has developed a theoretical probabilistic model and conducted some Monte Carlo simulations. The findings strongly suggest that the geometrical patterns were made intentionally and for this reason it is highly possible that the Phaistos disc does not contain any natural language text at all. Thus the results of the conducted research seem to yield convincing evidence to support the argument that this artifact may be a forgery.
Keywords
Year
Issue
23
Pages
39-46
Physical description
Dates
published
2017
Contributors
  • AGH Akademia Górniczo-Hutnicza
References
  • Bradshaw, A. (1977), The Overcuts on the Phaistos Disc, (w:) „Kadmos”, Vol. 16, Issue 2, 99–110.
  • Cate, A.T. (2011), Patterns on an Ancient Artifact: A coincidence?, (w:) „Statistica Neerlandica” Vol. 65, Number 1, 116–124.
  • Cate, A.T. (2013), A Statistical Analysis of the Rotated Signs of the Phaistos Disc, (w:) „Pioneer Journal of Theoretical and Applied Statistics” Vol. 6, Number 2, 81–88.
  • Chadwick, J. (1998), Pismo linearne B, Warszawa, Wydawnictwo RTW.
  • Ciechanowicz, J. (1996), Cień Minotaura, Warszawa, Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy.
  • Duhoux, Y. (2000), How Not to Decipher the Phaistos Disc: A Review, (w:) „American Journal of Archaeology”, Number 104, 597–600.
  • Eisenberg, J.M. (2008), The Phaistos Disc: A one Hundred-Year-Old Hoax?, (w:) „Minerva”, July/August, 9–24.
  • Gajer, M. (2008), Zastosowanie metod lingwistyki komputerowej do analizy starożytnych inskrypcji, (w:) „Informatyka Teoretyczna i Stosowana”, rocznik 8, nr 14, 53–62.
  • Gajer, M. (2017), Czy zagadkowy dysk z Fajstos w istocie zawiera odciśnięty w glinie zapis tekstu w pewnym języku naturalnym?, (w:) „Lingwistyka Stosowana/Applied Linguistics/ Angewandte Linguistik”, tom 21, 23–37.
  • Jackson, M.P. (1999), A Statistical Study of the Phaistos Disc, (w:) „Kadmos”, Bd. 38, 19–30
  • Jackson, M.P. (2000), Structural Parallelism on the Phaistos Disc. A Statistical Analysis, (w:) „Kadmos”, Bd. 39, 57–71.
  • Kondratow, A. (1988), Zaginione cywilizacje, Warszawa, Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy.
  • Reczko, W. (2009), Analyzing and Dating the Structure of the Phaistos Disk, (w:) „Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences”, Number 1, 241–245.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
ISSN
2080-4814
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-e707d356-3f50-411f-b2a4-b4d3cc29969f
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.