Full-text resources of CEJSH and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


2019 | 28/1 | 103-112

Article title

Robert Frost and the “Eye Reader”


Selected contents from this journal

Title variants

Languages of publication



One salient feature of Robert Frost’s aesthetics was his sharp differentiation of the visual from the audile imagination. Frost (a former schoolteacher) had noticed the difference between visual and audile/phonetic readers, and considered the eye reader to be a ‘bad’ reader. The article examines those features of Frost’s own poetic practice which would have led him to consider the eye reader a bad reader, as well as the sorts of prosodic content an eye reader may be prone to miss. Having examined Frost’s aesthetic objections to the eye reader, the question is then posed: does Frost ever treat the “eye reader,” or oral versus visual predilections, thematically in his artistic writings?


  • Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań


  • Barry, Elaine. 1973. Robert Frost on Writing. Rahway: Quinn and Boden Company.
  • Newdick, Robert. S. 1937. “Robert Frost and the Sound of Sense.” American Literature 9.3: 289–300.
  • Poirier, Richard, and Mark Richardson, ed. 1995. Robert Frost: Collected Poems, Prose, & Plays. Uncollected Poems, Lectures, Essays, Stories and Letters. New York: Literary Classics of the United States.
  • Replongle, Justin. 1978. “Vernacular Poetry: Frost to Frank O’Hara.” Twentieth Century Literature 24.2: 137–153.
  • Sears, John. F. 1981. “Robert Frost and the Imagists: the Background of Frost’s ‘Sentence Sounds.’” The New England Quarterly 54.4: 467–480.
  • Sheehy, Donald, Mark Richardson, and Robert Faggen, 2014. The Letters of Robert Frost. Vol. I: 1886–1920. Cambridge: Belknapp Press of Harvard University Press.

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.