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2015 | 2(46) | 48-56

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Foreign experience of ecological education of future biology teachers

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The main aim of this article is to analyze the foreign experience of ecological education of future biology teachers in the USA, the UK, Germany, Belarus and Russia. According to the comparative analysis of universities’ curricula it is studied out their educational filling. In particular it is revealed that in many countries of Western Europe and the USA the centers of ecological education are created, and in Russia – the environmental and educational center. In the UK during the educational process of teachers, attention is paid to ecologization of the educational process, and the curriculum includes some separate disciplines of ecological direction. The universities in the USA are concentrated on future biology teachers studying a big amount of ecological disciplines, and it is preferred research work to theoretical material. Germany has advocates of traditional pedagogic and eco pedagogic. The emphasis is made on practical methods and forms of work – carrying out practical work, field workshops, activities, waste disposal, landscaping, rescue measures in relation to animals. The U.S. environmental education is aimed not so much at the accumulation of knowledge about the relationship between man and nature but at the ways of their optimization, protection and conservation. Shamiakin National Pedagogical University (Mozir, Belarus) gives off a big amount of hours for studying disciplines of ecological direction. Federal national educational standard of higher professional education (Russia) in the direction of “Biology” provided the studying of different ecological disciplines but it is not provided the study of eco pedagogical direction. Based on the analysis of curriculum of certain universities it is identified the ways of realization of student’s ecological education, it is selected disciplines that contribute to the formation of theoretical knowledge as the basis for ecological education of teachers of biology and ecology courses and educational guidance to prepare students for the ecological activities of pupils. It is perspective to further scientific researches to analyze the content of the theoretical ecological education of future biology teachers of Ukraine, the USA and Europe, ant its comparative analysis.



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