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2017 | 2(66) | 320-329

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Higher education internationalization in Chinese context.

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The article presents analysis of modern researches of Chinese higher education internationalization. It considers modern strategic issues concerning internationalization at universities. Internationalization is represented as a key component of higher education development. Onthebasisofmodern scientific approaches to higher education internationalization at Chinese universities in the context of their activity the principal ways of internationalization interpretation have been defined. Understanding of the notion of higher education internationalisation in China at the national level has been narrow for a long time. In general it means international activities and exchange programs. China authorities emphesize mainly on practical aspects of internationalization but not wide understanding of mutual exchanges of people, ideas, well-being and servicesbetween nations and cultural identities. This narrow vision is associated with Sino-centric mentality: Chinese teaching as essence, western one for practicality. Implementation of internationalization policy is fulfilled under national government control. At the national level is assumed an existence of 4 internationalisation categories: 1) intensive transnational higher education; 2) strategy of internationalization elite of China universities; 3) curriculum internationalization; 4) challenges in China higher education.TwocharacteristicsofConfucianmodel are highlighted in Chinese national strategy of higher education internationalization: the first – strict national outlining of structures, funding and priorities; and the second – accelerated state investing in research and world-class universities. It hasbeen determined that there is thelackofdefiniteandwell-plannedstrategyofbuildingnewworld-classuniversities or in other wordscommonnationalhighereducationinternationalizationstrategy in China policy. Internationalization initiatives at institutional level have been outlined.Alternative strategies of higher education internationalization at institutional level under conditions of international activity are recruiting of foreign lectors and students and accordingly strengthening of international learning environment, transformation of curriculum and improvement of teaching quality, development of international research andincrease ofacademic exchanges.



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