Swoistość sfery afektywnej w ujęciu Tomasza z Akwinu
Specifity of the sphere of affections in Thomas’s Aquinas account
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Love-dilectio, which is the proper love of rational beings, is related in Thomas’s Aquinas texts to the problem of acts of will, which are analogical to feelings. Thomas call them affectiones. In this way, he distinguishes them from feelings – passiones – which are reactions of sensitive appetite to the image of sensitive good or evil. Affections are reactions of the will to the good or privation of the good, i.e. evil, intellectually grasped. However, in accordance with basic thesis of Thomas’s anthoplogy concerning spiritual and corporeal unity (both functional and structural) of personal human being, affectiones usually accompany passiones and – as it might seem – they carry with senses, or senses make the will follow the perceived good. Affections – in Thomas’s Aquinas – are simpler than feelings just like the will is simper appetitive power than senstivie appetite.
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