Soupisy Židů v Čechách a na Moravě v raném novověku a jejich edice jako historický pramen: Přehled edicí a literatury
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Lists of the Jews in Bohemia and Moravia in the Early Modern Age and their editions as a primary historical source: Survey of editions and literature
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The lists of the Jewish population are an important source for the study of the socio-economic status of the Jews in the past, their geographic spread, professional specifications and mobility, yet also for Jewish genealogy, especially in cases when we do not have Jewish birth, marriage and death registers at our disposal. The most important lists are those collected by central authorities for the entire country. This article presents a survey of list-type primary sources in Bohemia and Moravia from the 16th century until the beginning of the 19th century; the state of their academic elaboration (editions); and analyses based on the lists, also including relevant responses by the academic community (reviews in expert publications). The earliest Early Modern Age lists of the Jews come from Prague (1540, 1546), yet their publications obviously appeared at a later date. We have important primary sources for the 17th century, which also record the Jews alongside the Christian population (population lists according to religious belief commissioned in Bohemia in 1651; the first cadasters: the 1655–1656 Berní rula (Tax Register) in Bohemia; Lahn registers from 1669–1679 in Moravia and a poll tax census of 1667, with their modern editions available for our use. Further lists are namely the urbaria (Land Registration Records), with the high-quality catalogue available for Moravia, although Bohemia itself has only been partially catalogued. The article primarily focuses upon the collection The Lists of the Jews 1724–1811 in the National Archives, Prague, which comprises the lists of the Jews in Bohemia and in Prague. Modern editions of the census lists of Jewish familiants from 1783 and the lists both of Jewish families in Bohemia, 1793, and in Prague 1792 and 1794 from this collection have been published in the past decade. They are complemented by the Fassionen (or sworn declarations) of Prague Jewish families from 1748–1749 (1751) from the Archive of the Jewish Museum in Prague. There are no land/provincial lists for 18th century Moravia, we merely know the summary numbers of the Jewish population there.
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