System parlamentarno-gabinetowy w Królestwie Włoch przed I wojną światową
Parliamentary-Cabinet System in the Kingdom of Italy before World War I
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The author discusses the functioning of the parliamentary-cabinet system in Italy before the First World War. This model of government was brought into use in the Kingdom of Sardinia, shortly after the entry into force of the Albertine Statute (1848), and then was applied in the united monarchy in which the Statute was recognized as a Basic Law. The then Italian parliamentary system was based solely on practice, and not on the provisions of the Constitution, according to which ministers were appointed and dismissed by the monarch. Discussing the Italian parliamentary system , the author shows that the vote of censure could either take the form of an explicit resolution of the Chamber of Deputies containing demand for resignation of the Cabinet or a vote could be implied if the reason for the resignation of the government was the defeat in the parliamentary vote, for example, on the bill. The author also discusses the tools of parliamentary oversight over the executive used in the Kingdom of Italy and views on the political responsibility of the government presented the former Italian literature.
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