The Use of Innovative Technologies in the Educational Process (the US Experience)
The study of various aspects of training future professionals in the United States has showed that the coverage of certain technologies specialists training is not sufficient to prepare high-quality specialist of his occupation. Therefore, the aim of our research is to study innovative technologies, their use in the educational process in higher educational institutions in the USA and the American experience in the use of Ukrainian higher education. To conduct our research we have used such methods as the method of scientific analysis, interpretation and analytical method, which have contributed to the study and analysis of monographic and educational literature, a prognostic method to formulate generalizations and specification of research findings. The study has showed that the core technology which is used for the preparation of future professionals at colleges and universities in the USA is a contextual learning, built according to the main principles of a person centered and problem-activity training. As practice shows, the development of critical thinking of future professionals is the most effective in the process of problem education. One way to involve the students actively in the learning process is to stimulate critical analysis of existing and received knowledge. Individual training and skills of independent analytical work metacognitive skills; however, it does not contribute to the necessary degree of solving one of the most important tasks of training - development of future specialists skills in team cooperation, productive interpersonal interaction, the ability and willingness to take responsibility for the decisions taken and be responsible for their implementation and in front of team. In this perspective, it will be better to implement cooperative learning technologies and group co-operative learning. Modern innovative technologies offer new opportunities for future specialists: projects implemented electronically, allowing them to adjust quickly immediately after receiving feedback from project managers. Describing the technology for future professionals at colleges and universities in the USA, we have considered important to note their focus on the personality of each student problematical, analytical and reflective and creative orientation. Using American experience will create new opportunities for Ukrainian higher education press a quality educational service for future professionals.
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