Derywacja słowotwórcza w antroponimach przezwiskowych socjolektu mlodzieżowego
MORPHOLOGICAL DERIVATION IN NICKNAME ANTHROPONYMS OF THE YOUTH SOCIOLECT
Languages of publication
Derived nickname anthroponyms (nicknames, unofficial anthroponyms) are formed from common nouns that motivate them and from other proper names as a result of suffixal derivation, paradigmatic derivation, interchangeable derivation, reductional derivation (reverse, negative), and reduplicational derivation. Determining the type of derivation always requires indicating the motivational (formative) base that contributed to the name’s creation. Most frequently used is suffixal derivation as characteristic for the Polish language and superior to the other derivations. An important role in the creation of nicknames is filled by paradigmatic derivation. Derivation may be accompanied by the disintegration of the motivational base and historically justified vowel and consonant alternations. Many nicknames are created by means of interchangeable derivation. Format functions are fulfilled by change of sounds and morphemes as well as change of lexemes (of the whole motivational base or a portion of it). New nickname anthroponyms develop in reductional derivation as a result of cutting off various fragments of the motivational bases.
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