PL EN


2009 | 7 | 179-191
Article title

Ideologiczne uwikłania rozważań nad wielokulturowością. Czy Kapuściński był orientalistą?

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
Claiming for or against the multicultural order of societies is not ideologically neutral. Sets of believes, presumptions, and prejudices being involved in that debate should all come under the close philosophical scrutiny. One of many controversial facets of the topic emerges from the question of whether it is possible to state multiculturalism and at the same time disseminate ideas included in power discourse. The essay takes that question into account with regard to an accusation of the orientalism which have been made by some literary critics against Ryszard Kapuściński. It aims at providing philosophical and cultural analyses of the validity of that judgement. The paper is divided into three sections. In the first one, it is described the ambiguous ima-ge of ‘the Other’ being drawn by Kapuściński in his reportage literature and philosophical essays, and then it is presented Said’s definition of the orientalism. The second part of the text is comparative, outlining the differences between strong multiculturalism which embed naive version of relativism, soft multiculturalism and ethnocentrism. Location of Kapuściński’s attitude to traditional (non-modern) cultures in the context of standpoints maintained by Andrzej Szahaj and Ayaan Hirsi Ali, reveals that Polish master of reportage moderated his axiology to the form not lacking in criticism levelled at cultural background of ‘the Other’. Are we justified to interpret the criticism presented in Kapuściński’s works as a system of dogmatic biases and ideological fictions orientated on Western intellectual colonization of the East? I reject such opinion as a misinterpretation, and try to demonstrate methodological, thus theoretical, gaps and faults contained in Said’s conception of the orientalism. For that purpose, the final passage of the text contrasts Said’s methodology with theoretical notion of the occidentalism fixed by Ian Buruma and Avishai Margalit. Comparison between the orienta-lism and the occidentalism makes evident that unjustified attempt of seeking for orientalism in all kinds of cultural critique of the East might be interpreted as the orientalistic protectionism.
Keywords
Year
Volume
7
Pages
179-191
Physical description
Oryginalny artykuł naukowy
Dates
published
2009-12-01
Contributors
  • Akademia Pomorska w Słupsku
References
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  • M. Buchowski, Antropologiczne kłopoty z multikulturalizmem. W: Czy klęska wielokulturowości?, red. H. Mamzer. Poznań 2008
  • I. Buruma, A. Margalit, Okcydentalizm. Zachód w oczach wrogów. Kraków 2005
  • J. Habermas, Teoria działania komunikacyjnego, t. 1, tłum. A. Kaniowski. Warszawa 1999
  • M. Janion, Niesamowita słowiańszczyzna. Fantazmaty literatury. Kraków 2006
  • R. Kapuściński, Autoportret reportera. Kraków 2003
  • R. Kapuściński, Lapidarium VI. Warszawa 2007
  • R. Kapuściński, Ten Inny. Kraków 2006
  • J. Kmita, Interpretacja. W: Filozofia a nauka, red. Z. Cackowski. Wrocław 1987
  • J. Kmita, Jak słowa łączą się ze światem. Poznań 1998
  • C. Ockrent, Ayaan Hirsi Ali – deputowana a islam. W: Czarna księga kobiet, red. C. Ockrent. Warszawa 2007
  • A. Parzymies, U źródeł muzułmańskiego antyamerykanizmu. W: Islam a terroryzm, red. A. Parzymies. Warszawa 2003
  • A. Szahaj, E pluribus unum? Dylematy wielokulturowości i politycznej poprawności. Kraków 2004
  • A. Szahaj, Relatywizm i fundamentalizm. Toruń 2008
  • Z. Żygulski jun., Wstęp do wydania polskiego. W: E.W. Said, Orientalizm. Warszawa 1991
  • www.spiegel.de/international/spiegel/0,1518,399263,00.html
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
ISSN
1643-4668
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-f038011e-0614-406b-a4c8-6a4edf008d15
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