PL EN


2013 | 21 | 279-299
Article title

Protesty przeciwko ACTA jako reakcja społeczeństw na niejawność dyplomacji

Authors
Title variants
EN
Protests against ACTA as societies’ reaction to the secrecy of diplomacy
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
Secrecy is commonly assumed as an inherent feature of diplomacy and today it is a part of many processes of real or potential danger for democracy. Transferring the competences of authorities at transnational level lets the democratic governments force even controversial laws that would be difficult to enact in parliament. The ACTA agreement is an example of such law. Its negotiations were plagued by documents leaking and signing the agreement in January 2012 caused massive protests across Europe. Attacks on the Internet sites as pressure or propaganda were used in the documents. Opposition to the whole secretive negotiations procedure was commonly known. Although the protesters did not allow to ACTA ratification, the change in negotiations was not possible. However, certain instruments of monitoring and protesting have been formed.
Keywords
Year
Volume
21
Pages
279-299
Physical description
Contributors
  • Muzeum Pamięci Sybiru Oddział Muzeum Wojska w Białymstoku
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-f0b39985-a326-4419-b158-18e72ab42cf6
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