Folk Ensembles of National Minorities in the Czech Lands, and Majority Folklore Movement. (On the example of a selected sample of ensembles and their activities after the Second World War).
Folklorní soubory národnostních menšin v českých zemích a majoritní folklorní hnutí. (Na příkladu vybraného vzorku souborů a jejich aktivit po druhé světové válce)
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The study points out the dissimilarity of minority folk ensembles and groups in the Czech Republic to the mainstream of ensembles in folklore movement of the majority society after the Second World War. The text is based on knowledge gained in the field research, conducted in the years 2018 and 2019, meaning interviews with leaders and former members of selected minority folk ensembles. From the present-day composition of the “acknowledged” national minorities in the Czech Republic (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Hungarian, German, Polish, Roma, Ruthenian, Russian, Greek, Slovak, Serbian, Ukrainian, and Vietnamese), the research sample focuses, due to the limited scope of the paper, on four minorities (Polish, Slovak, Ruthenian, and German), which provide a relevant starting point for the theme. Activity of particular folk ensembles and groups is inherent in association activities of all national minorities. In contrast to folk ensembles of the majority society, the common denominator in most minority ensembles is their efforts to have effect on the safeguarding of cultural traditions of minority societies as one of the dominating attributes of their identity.
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