PL EN


2019 | 64 | 4 | 25–42
Article title

Maria Skłodowska-Curie i Ernest Rutherford – przyjaźń, współpraca i rywalizacja

Authors
Title variants
EN
Maria Skłodowska-Curie and Ernest Rutherford – Friendship, Collaboration and Rivalry
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
For the first quarter of the 20th century, the Curie Laboratory and the Ernest Rutherford Laboratory were the two main research centers for radioactivity. Both dealt with the same field, but had different priorities from the beginning. The Paris laboratory focused on discovering and studying the properties of new radioactive elements, while Rutherford in his laboratories in Montreal, and later in Manchester and Cambridge, tried, above all, to explain the very nature of radioactivity. There was a clear competition between the two laboratories, which, however, did not preclude personal and scholarly cooperation between their heads of research, i.e. Maria Skłodowska-Curie and Ernest Rutherford. The article discusses the main topics of this collaboration, such as developing a radium template, assigning scientific terminology, organizing scientific conferences, and preparing students. In addition, a few passages were devoted to the private relations between both scientists, which had a direct impact on their collaboration.
Year
Volume
64
Issue
4
Pages
25–42
Physical description
Contributors
  • Instytut Historii Nauki im. L. i A. Birkenmajerów PAN
References
  • Bibliothéque Nationale (BN), NAF 18461, Korespondencja Marii Skłodowskiej-Curie
  • Cambridge University Library (CUL), Add 7653, Korespondencja Ernesta Rutherforda
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  • La théorie du rayonnement et les quanta. Rapports et discussions, Paris 1912.
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  • Pawłowski C.A. Zdobycze naukowe Marii Skłodowskiej-Curie i nadane przez nią kierunki prac badawczych w Paryskim Instytucie Radowym, [w:] Wkład Marii Skłodowskiej-Curie do nauki. Szkice monograficzne, red. J. Hurwic, Warszawa 1954.
  • Piskurewicz J., Zakochana w fizyce. Udział i rola Marii Skłodowskiej-Curie w organizacji i pracach konferencji Solvaya, „Analecta” 2017, nr 1.
  • Rowland J., Ernest Rutherford Atom Pioneer, New York 1957.
  • Quinn S., Życie Marii Curie, Warszawa 1997.
  • Starosielska-Nikitina O., Starosielska H., Rola Marii Skłodowskiej-Curie w rozwoju fizyki jądrowej [w:] Studia poświęcone Marii Skłodowskiej-Curie i Marianowi Smoluchowskiemu, Wrocław 1968.
  • Wróblewski A.K., Historia fizyki, Warszawa 2006.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-f256f6ea-f44b-4b43-9bf5-c0eefbb9ba8f
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