АНАЛІЗ ЗАРУБІЖНОГО ДОСВІДУ МЕТОДИЧНОЇ ДІЯЛЬНОСТІ ВЧИТЕЛІВ ПОЧАТКОВОЇ ШКОЛИ В НАВЧАННІ УЧНІВ МАТЕМАТИКИ
Methodological analysis of foreign experience of primary school teachers in teaching students math
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The article describes the main trends in primary education in some foreign countries. International experience of methodological activity of teachers of primary school students in learning mathematics are investigated and analyzed, according to the following scheme: a review of curricula and textbooks for primary schools; core technology used by teachers to improve the process of formation of mathematical competence of elementary school students. Special attention in the study of foreign experience of methodological activity of teachers of primary school students in learning mathematics is paid to Bulgaria, Russia, Germany, Sweden, the Netherlands and France. The author traces the process of learning mathematics in foreign countries in which priority is given to study, research or productive methods. The main objective of several European technologies in the learning of mathematics in primary school is to develop and implement innovative concepts of teaching and learning strategies based on the use of technology to a significant improvement in the educational process in European countries. The basic techniques, methods and models propedeutics math in elementary school are singled out, so as to efficiently help teachers improve the efficiency of teaching mathematics in primary school abroad, reveal a deeper cognitive reserves of the child’s form of thinking. Among them are allocated: propedeutics mathematical culture model using logical games; integration model; learning mathematics through project activities; interactive technologies of teaching mathematics; use of computer technology at mathematics lessons; inclusion of students in the creative process of solving a mathematical problem. Attention is accented at the most favorable to mathematics education in the national school: project activities integration model and the use of computer technology. This material will be useful for the national primary school teachers and scientists working in this area of work. It is concluded that analyzed all the techniques and methods of teaching mathematics at the primary schools of foreign countries are suitable for our system of learning mathematics and can be actively used in teaching mathematics at the Ukrainian schools.
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