Koncepcje odrodzenia przywództwa Stanów Zjednoczonych na arenie międzynarodowej w XXI wieku
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The Concepts of Renewing US Leadership on the International Stage in the 21st Century
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The article concerns the position of the United States on the international stage in the 21st century. The major areas of domination and loss of the advantage in the new international order are presented in terms of the thesis of the end of American hegemony. The issues undertaken in this situation by the policy-makers are analyzed: defining the major threats and challenges for the United States; the methods ofcooperation with the traditional allies and with the new powers; the reforms of the domestic structures of power and the improvement of the state of economy in order to gain a stronger position in international relations; the necessity of the existence of a leader/hegemonist in the contemporary international system which has many centers of influence. The major part of the article presents the conceptions and activity of the administrations of George W. Bush and Barack Obama: the strategy of transformational diplomacy and the concept of smart power.
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