Public perception of Syrian refugees in Turkey: an empirical explanation using extended integrative threat theory
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Turkey has provided asylum for Syrian refugees following the civil war in Syria. This pro- cess has given rise to considerable public debate, which is often associated with negative attitudes within the community. Previous studies have indicated that realistic and symbolic threats are important components of the integrated theory of threat for understanding opposition towards immigrants and refugees. But the extended Integrative Threat Theory (ITT) suggests that the citizens of the host country may perceive refugees as both threat and benefit. The purpose of this study is to examine the public perception of Syrian refugees in Turkey using extended ITT model. The main results of the analysis are that Turkish people perceive Syrian refugees both as a threat and benefit. Nevertheless, benefit perception is higher than threat perception in Turkey.
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