GENDEROWA SPECYFIKA RYNKU PRACY – NA PRZYKŁADZIE IMIGRANTEK W POLSCE
THE GENDER-RELATED SPECIFIC OF LABOUR MARKET - AN EXAMPLE OF IMMIGRANTS IN POLAND
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The article takes up the issue of the gender-related specifics of the labour market in Po-land. It is only recently that women, their participation and role in the migration processes have become the subject of widespread research interest. One of the reasons is the growing demand for the work of migrants in the care sector - in the context of the ageing of developed societies. Care-related needs generate mobility of women from less affluent countries, and this phenomenon applies also to Poland. On the one hand, Polish women travel abroad to look after children, the elderly and the sick in Germany or Italy; on the other hand, women from Ukraine, Byelorussia or Russia pour into the largest Polish cities. This is a chance for ensuring a chance of education to their children. This allows higher- and middle-class women to reconcile professional and family roles, and at the same time supports the existing social and institutional order. The research points out the characteristic features of work in the household service sector. They include low wages, short contracts, and in many cases even employment inconsistent with the labour law in force, and not infrequently exploitation and humilitation. Instead of prestige, such work generates uncertainty, there are practically no chances of pro-motion. The irregular status of female migrants is an obstacle to use the offered form of sup-port and increases the threat of social exclusion.
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