Franka i Wiryneja. Madame Bovary inspiracją portretów kobiecych w literaturze wybranych epok
Franca and Viryneya. Madame Bovary as an inspiration of women’s portraits in the literary works from selected epoch
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The article is an attempt of comparative analysis of two works, based on the Flaubert’smasterpiece, and which belong to the two different circles of culture: Polish and Russian-Soviet. Firstof this literary productions - is Eliza Orzeshkova’s Cham (1887), where life of fisherman’s wife - Franca is described, and the second - Lidya Seyfullina’s Viryneya (1924). These works, although written in different epochs, countries, and political realities, are taking up the dialogue with Flaubert’s novel. Some references are visible in such literary tricks as e.g: technique of the leading heroine’s presentation, her external image, (compared with her character) or in the vision of local community, which is establishing authority over the heroin’s way of living. Through the heroine’s character authors are showing a two different variants of socio-psychological phenomenon, so called: „bovarisme”. In the Orzheshkova’s novel there is a first variant of „bovarisme” - „conservative bovarisme” (alias „bovarisme of pauperization”). The point of this variant is that the pauperized persons are compensating their poor situation by the way of glorification his (her) social roots and believing in temporary character of social degradation. The second more optimistic variant, which has been shown in Seyfullina’s work, is connected with cutting out from somebody’s roots to reach out a better social and economical situation. These two selected works are underlying a difference between thesetwo attitudes and at the same time - they are showing a similarity in method of presentation theliterary images of the heroine. They are also confirming universal character of „bovarisme”, which in this aspect is occuring in the literature regarded to such social leitmotives as „vertical mobility” and methods of social advancement of stated social groups and individuals.
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