Rozwój teologii monastycznej w okresie po soborze chalcedońskim
The development of monastic spiritual theology after Chalcedon
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The role of the monks in the triumph over iconoclasm illustrates their traditional involvement in theological debates; monasticism thus appears not only as a school of spiritual perfection but also as a body, which feels responsibility for the content of the faith and for the fate of the Church as a whole. At the same time, the particularity of the monastic polity and ideology, its foundation upon the notion that "the Kingdom of God is not of this world", and its opposition to all compromises with "this world’s" requirements gave rise to a theology, which can properly be called "monastic". In contrast with the formal conservatism of official ecclesiastical circles and in opposition to the traditions of secular Hellenism, this theology happened also to be the most dynamic and creative current in Christian thought as a whole.
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