PL EN


2011 | 1(64) | 159-195
Article title

Spojrzenie na andragogikę i filozofię andragogiki: zarys Międzynarodowy (część I)

Content
Title variants
EN
A look at andragogy and the philosophy of andragogy: an international perspective
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
PL
Niniejsza praca o historii i filozofii andragogiki ograniczona jest w dużej mierze [aczkolwiek z paroma wyjątkami] do chronologicznego przedstawienia historii i towarzyszącej andragogice filozofii, zgodnie z czasem publikacji dokumentów i opisów wydarzeń w angielskiej wersji językowej. Jednak niektóre z prac przedstawiają aspekty wydarzeń i idei, które dotyczą lat i konkretnych kontekstów, wcześniejszych niż te, w których się ukazały. Nie będzie to w związku z tym dokładna historia wydarzeń i filozofii w formie chronologicznej. Pokazany zostanie ogólny zarys zgodnie z latami ukazania się artykułów, książek, komentarzy i wszelkich innych dostępnych publikacji.
This paper on the History and Philosophy of Andragogy is mainly limited [with a few exceptions] to a chronological history and the accompanying philosophy of andragogy, in line with when the English language documents were published and personal descriptions of events were written down. Some of these documents, however, present aspects of the events and ideas which recount the years and contexts in which they appeared in published form. This will not be an exact history of the events and philosophy as they appear in chronological order. But, this will be presented in the general sequence of the years that the articles, books, commentaries, and any other publication forms were recorded or appeared in print and / or were published.
Year
Issue
Pages
159-195
Physical description
Contributors
  • Ed. D profesor edukacji dorosłych w Katedrze Pedagogiki w Saint Louis, specjalista ds. edukacji ustawicznej w regionie wschodnio-centralnym Uniwersytetu Missouri. Pracownik programu doktorskiego i badań podyplomowych na Uniwersytecie Lindenwood, St. Charles, MO 63301;, JHenschke@lindenwood.edu
References
  • 1. Allman P. (1983), The nature and process of adult development. In M. Tight (Ed.), Education for adults: Adult learning and education (pp. 107–123), vol. 1, chapter 2.5, London: Croom Helm & The Open University.
  • 2. Allman P., Mackie K.J. (Eds.), (1983), Towards a developmental theory of andragogy, Nottingham, UK: The University of Nottingham, Department of Adult Education.
  • 3. Anderson M.L., Lindeman E.C. (1927), Education through experience: An interpretation of the methods of the academy of labor, Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany. Workers’ Education Research Series, Monograph no. 1, New York: Workers Education Bureau Press, Inc.
  • 4. Baden C. (1998), Adult learning in associations: Models for good practice.New York: American Society of Association Executives.
  • 5. Billington D.D. (1988), Ego development and adult education, Doctoral Dissertation, The Fielding Institute, Dissertation Abstracts International, 49(7), University Microfilms no. 88–16, 275.
  • 6. Boucouvalas M. (1999), Comparative thinking and the structures of adult cognition: An epistemological and methodological challenge for comparative adult education. In J. Reischmann, Z. Jelenc, M. Bron (Eds.), Comparative adult education: The contributions of the International Society for Comparative Adult Education [ISCAE] to an emerging field of study (pp. 65–76), Ljubljana, Slovenia: Slovenian Institute for Adult Education and ISCAE.
  • 7. Brager J., Johnson K. (1993), Adult learning: New research on continuous learning in the business environment, Atlanta, GA: American Society for Training and Development Annual Conference.
  • 8. Brockett R.G. (1983a, April), Self-directed learning and the hard-to-reach adult. Lifelong Learning: An Omnibus of Practice and Research, 6(8), April, 1983, 16–18.
  • 9. Brockett R.G. (n.d., circa, 1983b), Humanism as an instructional paradigm, Website: http://www-distance.syr.edu/romira1&html (Listed also to appear as a chapter in C. Dill, A. Roomiszowski (Eds.), Instructional development: State of the art paradigms in the field, 3, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology Publications.
  • 10. Brockett R.G. (1984, February), Developing written learning materials: A proactive approach. Lifelong Learning: An Omnibus of Practice and Research, 7(5),16–18, 28.
  • 11. Brookfield S.D. (1986), Understanding and facilitating adult learning. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Inc., Publishers.
  • 12. Burge L. (1988), Beyond andragogy: Some explorations for distance learning design, Journal of Distance Education, 3(1), 5–23.
  • 13. Candy P. (1991), Self-direction for lifelong learning: A comprehensive guide to theory and practice. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
  • 14. Carroll J.M. (1990), Learner characteristics: When working adults sit down to learn. Retrieved May 4, 2004 from www.spsu.edu/htc/hughes/com.
  • 15. Christian A.C. (1982), A comparative study of the andragogicalpedagogical orientation of military and civilian personnel. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK.
  • 16. Clark D. (1999), Andragogy. Retrieved October 10, 2002 from http://www.nwlink com/~donclark/hrd/history/history.html.
  • 17. Conner M.L. (1997), Andragogy + Pedagogy. Ageless learner. Retrieved October 22, 2007 from http://agelesslearner.com/intros/andragogy.html.
  • 18. Cooke J.C. (1994), Malcolm Shepherd Knowles, the father of American andragogy: A biographical study(Unpublished doctoral dissertation), University of North Texas, Denton, Texas..
  • 19. Davenport J. III. (1987), Is there a way out of the andragogy morass? Lifelong Learning: An Omnibus of Practice and Research, 11(3), 17–20.
  • 20. Delahaye B.L., Limerick D.C., Hearn G. (1994), The relationship between andragogical and pedagogical orientations and the implications for adult learning. Adult Education Quarterly, 44(4), 187–200.
  • 21. Dewar T. (1999), Adult learning principles (a selection), Retrieved October 22, 2007 from http://www.calliopelearning.com/adult.htm.
  • 22. Draper J.A. (1998), The metamorphoses of andragogy. The Canadian Journal for the Study of Adult Education, 12(1), 3–26.
  • 23. Eitington J.E. (1989), The winning trainer, instructor, facilitator, teacher, conference leader, etc. (2rd ed – 1989; 3rd ed. – 1996), Houston: Gulf Publishing Company.
  • 24. Ellis H.J.C. (n.d., circa, 1993), Andragogy in a web technologies course. Hartford, CT: Rensselaer at Hartford, Department of Engineering and Science.
  • 25. Eskridge R.C. (1978), The literary contributions of Malcolm Shepherd Knowles to the process of adult education (Unpublished doctoral dissertation), University of Missouri, St. Louis University, Missouri.
  • 26. Ferro T.R. (1997), The linguistics of andragogy and its offspring. In J. Levine, (Ed.), Proceedings of the Midwest Research-to-Practice Conference in Adult, Continuing and Community Education (pp. 29–34), East Lansing: Michigan State University.
  • 27. Furter P. (1971), Grandeur et misere de la pedagogie. University of Neuchatel. (Cited In E. Faure (Ed.) (1972), Learning to be: The world of education today and tomorrow (p. 116), Paris: UNESCO Paris.
  • 28. Green J. (1998), Andragogy: Teaching adults. In B. Hoffman (Ed.), Encyclopedia of educational technology. Retrieved February 11, 2006, from file://C:/Dociments.
  • 29. Griffith W.S. (1991), The impact of intellectual leadership. In J.M. Peters & P. Jarvis (Eds.), Adult education: Evolution and achievements in a developing field of study (pp. 97–120), San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
  • 30. Hadley H.N. (1975), Development of an instrument to determine adult educator’s orientation as andragogical and pedagogical (Unpublished doctoral dissertation), Boston University School of Education, Boston, MA.
  • 31. Hanson A. (1996), The search for a separate theory of adult learning: Does anyone really need andragogy? In R. Edwards, A. Hanson, P. Raggatt (Eds.), Adult learners, education and training 1 (pp. 99–108), London: Routledge and The Open University.
  • 32. Hartree A. (1984), Malcolm Knowles’s theory of andragogy: A critique. International Journal of Lifelong Education, 3, 203–210.
  • 33. Heimstra R., Sisco B. (1990), Individualizing instruction. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
  • 34. Henschke J.A. (1973), Malcolm S. Knowles: His contributions to the theory and practice of adult education (Unpublished doctoral dissertation), Boston University, Massachusetts. Available at the following website: http://www.umsl.edu/~henschke.
  • 35. Henschke J.A. (1987), Training teachers of adults. In C. Klevins (Ed.), Materials and methods in adult and continuing education: International – Illiteracy (pp. 414–422), Los Angeles: Klevens Publications, Inc .
  • 36. Henschke J.A. (1989), Identifying appropriate adult educator practices: Beliefs, feelings and behaviors. In C. Jeffries, (Ed.), Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Midwest Research-To-Practice Conference in Adult, Continuing and Community Education (pp. 89–95), St. Louis, MO: University
  • of Missouri.
  • 37. Henschke J.A. (1995), Theory and practice on preparing human resource development professionals. In Proceedings of Academy of Human Resource Development Research Conference (pp. 1–11), St. Louis: University of Missouri.
  • 38. Henschke J.A. (1998a), Historical antecedents shaping conceptions of andragogy: A comparison of sources and roots. Paper presented at the International Conference on Research in Comparative Andragogy, Radovljica, Slovenia, September 10–13, 1998.
  • 39. Henschke J.A. (1998b), Modeling the preparation of adult educators. Adult Learning, 9(3), 11–14.
  • 40. Henschke J.A. (1999), Historical antecedents shaping the terms performance and learning in Human Resource Development: An exploratory study. In K.P. Kuchinke (Ed.), Proceedings of the Academy of Human Resource Development Research Conference (pp. 611–619), Alexandria, VA.
  • 41. Hoffman F. (1980), How to teach grown-ups, Calabasas, CA: Practical Management Associates, Inc.
  • 42. Hoods W. (1998), Andragogy: The act, process, or art of imparting knowledge and skill to adults, http://www.survival.com/gogy.htm. Date Retrieved: October 23, 2007.
  • 43. Hooks B. (1994), Theory as liberatory practice (from Teaching to Transgress – as quoted by Kaminsky, Sherrie. In Comparing Pedagogy and Andragogy for Both Common and Dissimilar Meanings), http://www.usm.maine.edu/~dlarson/ kaminsky2.htm.
  • 44. Houle C.O. (1992), The literature of adult education: A bibliographic essay. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  • 45. Houle C.O. (1996), The design of education (2nd ed.), San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  • 46. Imel S. (1989), Teaching adults: Is it different? ERIC Digest, no. 82. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 305495),
  • 47. Ingalls J.D. (1972), A trainer’s guide to andragogy. Washington D.C.: United State Department of Health, Education and Welfare.
  • 48. Ingalls J.D. (1976), Human energy: The critical factor for individuals and organizations. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.
  • 49. Jarvis P. (1984), Andragogy: A sign of the times. Studies in the Education of Adults, 16, 32–38.
  • 50. Johnson L.F. (2000, April), Dialogues in andragogy. A Paper Presented to a Doctoral Research Graduate Credit Seminar on Andragogy, conducted at the University of Missouri – St. Louis, Winter Semester, 2000.
  • 51. Jorgensen H.K. (1998), Adult learning theories and religious education for seventh-day Adventist college students: From theory to practice. Silver Spring, MD: 332–98 Institute for Christian Teaching, Education Department of Seventh-Day Adventists; Presented for the 22nd Faith and Learning Seminar held at Seminar Schlossbogenhofen St. Peter Am Hart, Austria, August 9–21, 1998.
  • 52. Kabuga C. (1977), Why andragogy in developing countries? Adult Education and Development: Journal for Adult Education in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Reprinted in Knowles, M.S. (1990), The adult learner: A neglected species (4th ed.), Houston Texas: Gulf Publishing Company (pp. 233–239),
  • 53. Kaminsky S. (1993), Comparing pedagogy and andragogy for both common and dissimilar meanings. Retrieved July 18, 2004 from http://www.usm.maine.edu/!dlarson/kaminsky2.htm.
  • 54. Kapp A. (1833), Die andragogik ober bildung im mannlichen alter. Platons Erziehungslehre, als Padagogik fur die Einzelnen und als Staatspadagogik. Germany: Minden und Leipzig.
  • 55. Knowles M.S. (1968a, April), Androgogy, not pedagogy, Adult Leadership. 16, 350–352.
  • 56. Knowles M.S., (1968b, October), How andragogy works in leadership training in the Girl Scouts. Adult Leadership., 17, 161–162, 190–194.
  • 57. Knowles M.S. (1969), An experiment with group self-directed learning: The learning teaching team, Chapter 13 In P. Runkel, R. Harrison, M. Runkel (Eds.), The changing college classroom. (pp.unknown), San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  • 58. Knowles M.S. (1970), The modern practice of adult education: Andragogy vs. Pedagogy. Chicago: Association Press/Follett.
  • 59. Knowles M.S. (1972), The manager as educator. Journal of Continuing Education and Training, 2(2), 97–105.
  • 60. Knowles M.S. (1973), The adult learner: A neglected species. Houston: Gulf Publishing Company.
  • 61. Knowles M.S. (1975), Self-directed learning: A guide for learners and teachers. NY: Association Press.
  • 62. Knowles M.S. (1978), The adult learner: A neglected species (2nd ed.), Houston: Gulf Publishing Company.
  • 63. Knowles M.S. (1980), The modern practice of adult education: From pedagogy to andragogy (Revised Edition), Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Cambridge Book Company.
  • 64. Knowles M.S. (1984a), The adult learner: A neglected species (3rd ed.), Houston: Gulf Publishing Company.
  • 65. Knowles M.S. (1984b), Andragogy in action: Applying modern principles of adult learning. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
  • 66. Knowles M.S. (1989a), Adult learning: Theory & practice. In L. Nadler & A. Nadler (Eds.), The handbook of human resource development (2d ed.) (pp. 6.1–6.23), New York: John Wiley & Sons.
  • 67. Knowles M.S. (1989b), The making of an adult educator: An autobiographical journey. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
  • 68. Knowles M.S. (1990), The adult learner: A neglected species (4th ed.),
  • Houston: Gulf Publishing Company.
  • 69. Knowles M.S. (1991), Lifelong learning: A dream. Retrieved October 24, 2009 from http://www.newhorizons.org/future/Creating_the_Future/crfut_knowles.html
  • 70. Knowles M.S. (1995), Designs for adult learning: Practical resources, exercises, and course outlines from the father of adult learning. Alexandria, VA: American Society for Training and Development.
  • 71. Knowles M.S. (1996), Adult learning. In R.L. Craig (Ed.), ASTD training & development handbook: A guide to human resource development (4th ed.) (pp. 254–265), New York: McGraw Hill.
  • 72. Knowles M.S., Holton E.F. III, Swanson R.A. (1998), The adult learner (5th ed.), Houston: Gulf Publishing Co.
  • 73. Krajinc A. (1989), Andragogy. In C. J. Titmus (Ed.), Lifelong education for adults: An international handbook (pp. 19-21) Oxford: Pergamon..
  • 74. Lieb S. (1991), Principles of adult learning, Phoenix, AZ: Vision – South Mountain Community College, http://honolulu.hawaii.edu/intranet/ committees/ FacDevCom/ guidebk/teachtip/adults-2.htm (& 1. htm),
  • 75. Lindeman E.C. (1926a), Andragogik: The method of teaching adults. Workers’ Education, 4, 38.
  • 76. Lindeman E.C. (1926b, 1961), The meaning of adult education, Montreal: Harvest House.
  • 77. Long H.B. (1991), Evolution of a formal knowledge base. In J.M. Peters & P. Jarvis (Eds.), Adult education: Evolution and achievements in a developing field of study (pp. 66–96), San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
  • 78. Martin E.A. (1982), A view of the philosophical development of adult education as influenced by Vincent, Lindeman, and Knowles. Abstract retrieved from ProQuest Digital Dissertations (AAT 8226105).
  • 79. Mazhindu G.N. (1990), Contract learning reconsidered: A critical examination of the implications for application in nursing education. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 15, 101–109.
  • 80. Merriam S.B. (1999), The development of the discipline of adult education in the United States. Andragogy Today: Interdisciplinary Journal of Adult and Continuing Education, 2(3), 31–49. Published by: Adult and Continuing Education of Korea.
  • 81. Mezirow J. (1981, Fall), A critical theory of adult learning and education. Adult Education, 32(1), 3–24.
  • 82. Mihall J., Belletti H. (1999), Adult learning styles and training methods: Forget those 13,000 hours, FDIC ADR.
  • 83. Milligan F. (1995), In defence of andragogy. Nursing Education Today, 15, 22–27.
  • 84. Milligan F. (1997), In defence of andragogy, Part 2: An educational process consistent with modern nursing aims. Nursing Education Today, 17, 487–493.
  • 85. Milligan F. (1999), Beyond the rhetoric of problem-based learning: Emancipatory limits and links with andragogy. Nursing Education Today, 19, 548–555.
  • 86. Monts B. (2000), Andragogy or pedagogy: A discussion of instructional methodology for adult learners. Illinois State University. Unpublished paper.
  • 87. Moore M. (1986), Self-directed learning and distance education. Journal of Distance Education. Revue de L’enseignmenta a Distance”, 1–15, Retrieved December 28, 2004, http://cade.athabascau.ca/voll.l/moore.html 88. Morrall P. (1993, September-October), The beginning of the end of andragogy.
  • Senior Nurse, 13(5), 42–44.
  • 89. Muller L.H. (1992), Progressivism and U. S. adult education: A critique of mainstream theory as embodied in the work of Malcolm Knowles (Unpublished doctoral dissertation), Teachers College, Columbia University, New York City.
  • 90. Mynen M. (n.d., circa, 1996), What andragogy means to me, http://www.instructordiploma.com/core/102%20b/victoria/mynen.htm. Date Retrieved: December 3, 2003.
  • 91. Nadler L., Nadler Z. (Eds.), (1989), The handbook of human resource development (2d ed.), New York: John Wiley & Sons.
  • 92. Newman A.P. (1993), Prison literacy: Implications for program and assessment policy. Bloomington, IN: ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service
  • Number ED 363 729), p. 49.
  • 93. Nottingham Andragogy Group (1983), Towards a developmental theory of andragogy, Adults: Psychological and Educational Perspective, no. 9, Nottingham, England: University of Nottingham Department of Adult Education.
  • 94. Osborn S. (1999), Andragogy. Belgrade, Yugoslavia: Faculty of Philosophy. Forum Website: http://ifets.gmd.de/
  • 95. Ovesni K. (1999), Andragogy as an integral part of educational sciences. Belgrade, Yugoslavia: Faculty of Philosophy. Forum Website: http://ifets.gmd.de/
  • 96. Ovesni K. (2000), Concepts and models of professional preparation of andragogues, Retrieved July 12, 2005, from http://www.geocities.com/ kowesni. geo/indexma.html?200512.
  • 97. Peters J.M., Jarvis P. (1991), Adult education: Evolution and achievements in a developing field of study, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
  • 98. Poggeler F. (1994), Introduction – Trends of andragogical research in Europe. In P. Jarvis & F. Poggeler (Eds.), Developments in the education of adults in Europe (pp. 9–15), Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, Studies in Pedagogy, Andragogy and Gerontology (Volume 21), 99. Pratt D.D. (1988, Spring), Andragogy as a relational construct. Adult Education Quarterly, 38(3), 160–172.
  • 100. Pratt D.D. (1993, Spring), Andragogy after twenty-five years. In S. Merriam (Ed.), An Update on Adult Learning Theory (pp. 15–24), New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education no. 57. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  • 101. Reischmann J. (1999), Adult education in Germany: Roots, status, mainstreams,changes. Andragogy Today: Interdisciplinary Journal of Adult and Continuing Education, Published by Adult and Continuing Education of Korea, 2(3), 1–29.
  • 102. Reischmann J. (2000), Our understanding of andragogy, Bamberg, Germany, Otto Freiderick University, Homepage: http://www.andragogy.net.
  • 103. Robb W.M. (1990), Can South African andragogics improve understanding between Anglo-American and Continental European adult educationists? In Toward 1992 – Education of Adults in the New Europe. Proceedings of the 20th SCUTREA Conference (pp. 71–77), West Sheffield, England.
  • 104. Rosenstock-Huessy E. (1925), Andragogy – 1925, Retrieved October 26, 2005, http://www.argobooks.org/feringer-notes/t24.html.
  • 105. Ross B.E. (1988), Integrating andragogy with current research on teaching effectiveness. In W.M. Rivera & S.M. Walker (Eds.), Lifelong Learning Research Conference Proceedings (pp. 29–33), College Park, MD: University of Maryland.
  • 106. Rostad S. (1998), Nordic Folk Academy Socrates Project entitled ‘The Public and the Library’. Nordic Council of Ministers, St. Strandstraede 18, DK-1225 Copenhagen K, Denmark. Retrieved from the following website: http://x-stream.fortunecity.com/melrose/81/sweden.htm.
  • 107. Savicevic D. (1991), Modern conceptions of andragogy: A European framework. Studies in the Education of Adults, 23(3), 179–201.
  • 108. Savicevic D. (1999), Understanding andragogy in Europe and America: Comparing and contrasting. In J. Reischmann, Z. Jelenc, M. Bron (Eds.), Comparative Adult Education 1998: The Contribution of ISCAE to an emerging field of study (pp. 97–119), Bamburg, Germany: ISCAE Proceedings.
  • 109. Savicevic D. (2000), The roots and evolution of andragogical ideas (KoreniI razvoj andragoskih ideja – in the Serb Language), Beograd: Serbia (formerly Yugoslavia) Institut za pedagogiju I andragogiju Andragosko drustvo Srbije.
  • 110. Sawyers L.L. (1994), Liberating the adult learner: A critical and comparative analysis of the philosophies of Malcolm S. Knowles and Paulo Freire. Retrieved from ProQuest Digital Dissertations. (AAT 9432574),
  • 111. Simpson J.A. (1964), Andragogy. Adult Education, 37(4), 186–194.
  • 112. Smith M.K. (1996), Andragogy: The history and current use of the term plus an annotated Bibliography. In The Encyclopedia of Informal Education, http://www. infed.org/lifelonglearning/b-andra.htm, Last Updated 6/15/04.
  • 113. Suanmali C. (1981), The core concepts of andragogy. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation), Columbia University Teachers College, New York City, Dissertation Abstracts International, University Microfilms no. 8207343.
  • 114. Taylor M. (1986), Learning for self-direction in the classroom: The pattern of a transition process. Studies in Higher Education, 11(1), 55–72.
  • 115. Thorpe Dr. E. (1999), Andragogy and technology, thorpet@mail.mohawke.on.ca.
  • 116. VanGent B. (1996), Andragogy. In A. C. Tuijnman (Ed.), The international encyclopedia of adult education and training (pp. 114–117), Oxford: Pergamon.
  • 117. Warren C. (1989, Summer), Andragogy and N. F. S. Grundtvig: A critical link. Adult Education Quarterly, 39(4), 211–223. 118. Wartenberg A.D. (1994), Andragogy and whole language. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Delaware Valley Reading Association (Merion, PA), 3/15/94. (ERIC Documentation Reproduction Service No. ED 365958),
  • 119. Webster’s encyclopedic unabridged dictionary of the English language – Updated Revised Deluxe Edition. (1996), New York: Random House Value Publishing, Inc.
  • 120. Welton M.R. (1995), In defense of lifeworld. Albany, NY. SUNY Press.
  • 121. Young G. (1985), Andragogy and pedagogy: Two ways of accompaniment. Adult Education Quarterly, 35(3), 160–167.
  • 122. Zemke R., Zemke S. (1996), Adult learning: What do we know for sure? In R. Zielinski (Ed.), The new training library: Adult learning in your classroom (pp. 71–74), Chapter 2 Understanding and motivating the adult learner. Minneapolis: Lakewood Books.
  • 123. Zhang W. (1996), Adult education in China. In W. Zhang (Ed.), International/ global comparative education in adult education (pp. 99–119), (Carole Yufang Huang, Trans.), Beijing: Industrial Publishers.
  • 124. Zmeyov S.I. (1994), Perspectives of adult education in Russia. In P. Jarvis, F. Poggeler (Eds.), Developments in the education of adults in Europe (pp. 35–42), Studies in Pedagogy, Andragogy and Gerontology, volume 21, Bern, Switzerland: Peter Lang.
  • 125. Zmeyov S.I. (1998), Andragogy: Origins, developments and trends. International Review of Education, 44(1), 103–108.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-f4354769-1217-4211-99af-6d846c63aec2
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.