2012 | 13 - "Stare" i "nowe" mocarstwa w Afryce - stygmaty kulturowe, religijne, polityczne, ekonomiczne i społeczne | 269-294
Article title

Między konserwatywną utopią a eksperymentem społecznym: Władza tybylcza w Tanganice na przykładzie regionów Uluguru i Usambara

Title variants
Between conservative utopia and social experiment: Native authority in Usambara and Uluguru (Tanganyika)
Languages of publication
The article scrutinizes some of the key problems of the British indirect rule in colonial Tanganyika. The country was one of the mandated territories of the League of Nations administered by the British. In the mid 1920s its local administration was reformed by the then governor Donald Cameron. He based local government and judiciary on institutions he perceived as legitimized by tradition, although in many instances the "tradition" was invented during the colonial times and some of the "traditional" institutions were forged ad hoc when he was implementing his reform. Native Authority was given broader powers than were usually granted to chiefs in the areas ruled indirectly in tropical Africa. They were not only expected to police their subjects and judge minor cases, but were also charged with some legislation and budgeting. The author uses the examples of two contrasting regions of colonial Tanganyika (Usambara and Uluguru) to illustrate how the traditional discourses of authority were challenged by the processes of modernization - especially education and new methods in the agriculture - and how it led to political conflicts and the growth of modern opposition in the 1950s.
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Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
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