PL EN


2014 | 79 | 3 | 63-83
Article title

Udział Specjalnego Sądu Karnego w Gdańsku i jego Prokuratury w procesie weryfikacji i rehabilitacji ludności Pomorza Gdańskiego w latach 1945–1946

Authors
Title variants
EN
The participation of the Special Criminal Court in Gdańsk and the Public Prosecutor’s Office in the process of the verification and rehabilitation of the population of Gdańsk Pomerania in the years 1945–1946
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
The aim of the work is to publish the author’s findings concerning the participation of the Special Criminal Court in Gdańsk and the Public Prosecutor’s Office in the process of the verification and rehabilitation of the population of Gdańsk Pomerania in the years 1945–1946. In works hitherto published, researchers dealing with the special judiciary system or rehabilitation and verification of the Polish population after WWII omitted or examined very cursorily the role of special courts and prosecutor’s offices in the processes mentioned above. It is essential to examine this problem due to the fact that only in the area of the Reich District Gdańsk-West Prussia as many as 725,000 Poles were registered with the Volkliste. Most of them underwent either of the processes discussed here. As far as the participation of the Special Criminal Court in Gdańsk and the Public Prosecutor’s Officce in the process of the verification and rehabilitation of the population of Gdańsk Pomerania is concerned, in 1945 the Prosecutor’s Office of the Special Criminal Court in Gdańsk initiated proceedings against 1486 people, and in 1946 against 1038 people. They were accused of treachery against the Polish nation by having been registered with the Volkliste in the second, third or fourth category. In total, 2524 people were brought to the criminal court according to the Law of 6 May 1945 concerning the exclusion of hostile elements from Polish society. 554 cases commenced by the Gdańsk Special Prosecutor’s Office (which constituted 21.8% of the total number of cases) were redeemed. The rest of the accused were arrested and sent to camps following the decision of the prosecutor of the Special Criminal Court in Gdańsk, who also lodged complaints against the decisions of the municipal courts about the rehabilitation of 453 people; the prosecutor demanded the rehabilitation proceedings be suspended in 161 cases. After the special criminal courts had been abolished (17 Nov 1946) all cases concerning the renouncement of Polish nationality during WWII fell under the jurisdiction of district courts.
Year
Volume
79
Issue
3
Pages
63-83
Physical description
Contributors
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-f4d62b59-91d2-44ea-a7ad-ee46245ab3f6
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