Proces historyczny w „punkcie bifurkacji” – Jurija Łotmana koncepcja zmiany kulturowej
The historical process at the ‘bifurcation point’: Yuri Lotman’s theory of cultural change
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According to Lotman in the later stage of his work, the historical process consists of periods of stable and predictable turns of events and ‘explosions’ which can change the direction in which culture develops, and the vector of this change is impossible to predict a priori. The theory of ‘explosion’, in which coincidence and the extra-structural (human) factor determine the development of the historical process, is at the heart of his view on the way semiosphere is organised and organises itself. The article confronts such a model of cultural change with empirical material concerning grass-root experiences of the ‘great change’ at the turn of the 80s and 90s.
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