Przegląd metod i procedur wykorzystywanych w ocenie technologii
Overview of Technology Assessment methods and procedures
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The article provides an overview of the Technology Assessment (TA) methods and procedures that have been used over the last forty years. Two typologies of methods are presented: the first is based on the project targets, the second reflects the origin of the method. Within the first group heuristic methods, methods of the future prediction and evaluation methods are discussed. The second group involves the economy derived methods, politically oriented methods and methods that come from the tradition of systems theory and systems analysis. Advantages and disadvantages of the methods in both groups are outlined. Finally the author presents optimal ways of methodological adjusting a technology assessment process to a problem, the order profile and the situation of the project contractor. A universal scheme integrating various methods and allowing to compensate their weaknesses is also discussed.
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