The institution of the so-called ex post facto consent after the amendment of 11 March 2016 in the light of constitutional and conventional standards
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The Act of 11 March 2016 amending the Code of Criminal Procedure and some other acts (Official Journal of Laws, item 437 as amended) introduced to the system of law Article 168b of the Code of Criminal Procedure and changed Article 237a of the Code of Criminal Procedure. These rules regulate the institution of the so-called ex post facto consent. The following paper analyzes Article 168b and Article 237a of the Code of Criminal Procedure in the light of standards stemming from the Constitution of the Republic of Poland and the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. This analysis first of all revealed that there are serious doubts as to the compatibility of Article 168b and Article 237a of the Code of Criminal Procedure with Article 47, Article 49, Article 51 (2) in conjunction with Article 31 (3) of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland.
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