Гуманітарна складова транскордонного співробітництва України з сусідніми країнами –членами Європейського Союзу
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The Humanitarian komponent of cross-bordering cooperation between Ukraine and its neighboring countries – EU members
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Taking into consideration the geopolitical and geo-strategic importance of Ukraine in compliance with the European coordinate reference system, the authors of the proposed research perform a thorough analysis of the theoretical grounds of ‘regionalism’ and ‘multiculturalism’ concepts; highlight the role and importance of the cultural component in the cross-border cooperation between Ukraine and the EU members – Ukraine’s Border States - Poland, Hungary, Slovakia and Romania. Noteworthy, Ukraine cooperates with these countries within the framework of cross-border European Neighborhood and Partnership Instrument, which is a financial mechanism for European neighborhood strategic policy “European Neigh-borhood Policy” and “Eastern Partnership”. It is addressed to ENP partner countries including Ukraine and offers co-funding for promoting good governance and equitable social and economic development process. The focus revolves around the cultural cooperation, based on a policy of multiculturalism, as an indispensable part of the cross-border cooperation between Ukraine and the EU members – Ukraine’s Border States. Of particular interest is the International Folklore Festival “Bukovyna meetings” which alongside with a number of various international folklore festivals, is a brilliant illustration of a fruitful multiculturalism policy. Furthermore, annually, one of the largest and longest-running festivals in Europe is gradually held in five countries – Poland, Ukraine, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia, and further also in Moldova. This unique festival aims a tarranging a major international event, demon-strating a significant role of culture in the process of mutual understanding and enhancing economic cooperation between neighboring countries.
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