Nouzové peněžní poukázky v českých zemích v létech 1848-1850 (Příspěvek k ekonomické charakteristice)
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Emergency Money Coupons in the Czech Lands in 1848-1850 (A contribution to their economic characterization)
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Emergency money coupons were issued by individual owners of trades in the period of a long-lasting money circulation crisis in Austrian monarchy in 1848 and 1849, in some places the coupons were still in circulation even in 1850. The state authority did not manage to deal with the lack of coins in the circulation and complication in the market relations occurred. It was intolerable for the tradesmen to wait for the customers’ pay-ment of smaller purchases. The problems were removed through the us-age of alternative means of payment which transferred the financial claim on the customer who paid with state issued money of higher nomi-nal value. Using particular examples, the author characterizes general as well as atypical relationships between the issuers of the coupons and the re-ceivers, as the emergency coupons were during the increasing crisis is-sued also by some of the public institutions (municipal councils) and business associations. He also mentions cases in which the circle of the receivers and users of the coupons was enlarged to include business partners. The discussed matter was territorially differentiated. The coupons were issued mainly in Western, Northern and Eastern Bohemia where there existed more developed market (textile and glass-blowing manu-factures with a network of local employees) and which were intersected by long-distance roads. There are not many examples of the coupons preserved, the con-temporary sources, mainly the records in chronicles, are also scarce.
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