2019 | XXXII | 111-120
Article title

A Man in a Vessel, Once More

Title variants
Languages of publication
In one of the paintings in the Central Church of Abdallah-n-Irqi an enigmatic element can be seen: a small figure of a man in a jar. No satisfactory explanation for this detail has been found so far. Although a parallel representation seemed to have been discovered in Banganarti, it remains a unique and problematic representation. On the basis of a renewed investigation of the iconography of martyrs in the fourth century, the author proposes a new interpretation of the man in the vessel.
  • University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam / University of Divinity, Melbourne
  • Ancient Rome: (accessed August 24, 2018)
  • Baumeister, T. 1972: Martyr Invictus. Der Martyrer als Sinnbild der Erlösung in der Legende und im Kult der frühen koptischen Kirche. Zur Kontinuität des ägyptischen Denkens, Münster
  • Brommer, F. 1953: Herakles: die zwölf Taten des Helden in antiker Kunst und Literatur, Münster
  • Champlin, E. 2003: Nero, Cambridge MA
  • Clédat, J. 1904: Le monastère et la nécropole de Baouît, MIFAO 12, Le Caire
  • Coleman, K.M. 1990: Fatal Charades: Roman Executions Staged as Mythological Enactments, JRS 80, 44–73
  • Grig, L. 2004: Portraits, Pontiffs, and the Christianization of fourth-century Rome, PBSR 72, 203–230
  • Helgeland, J. 1974: Christians and the Roman army A.D. 173–337, ChHist 43/2, 149–163, 200
  • Holmes, M.W. (Ed.) 2007: The Apostolic Fathers: Greek Texts and English Translations, Ada MI
  • Hunink, V. 2010: Did Perpetua write her prison account?, ListFil 133/1–2, 147–155
  • Innemée, K. 2016: Dayr al-Suryan: New Discoveries, [in:] Claremont Coptic Encyclopedia, (accessed June 20, 2019)
  • Innemée, K., Ochała, G., Rompay, L. van 2015: A Memorial for Abbot Maqari of Deir al-Surian (Egypt): Wall Paintings and Inscriptions in the Church of the Virgin Discovered in 2014, Hugoye 18/1, 147–190, (accessed June 20, 2019)
  • Innemée, K., Zielińska, D. 2019: Faces of Evil in Nubian Wall-Painting – An Overview, EtudTrav XXXII, 121–144
  • Moorsel, P. van, Jacquet, J., Schneider, H. 1975: The Central Church of Abdallah Nirqi, The Netherlands excavations in Nubia, Abu Simbel North 1962–1964, Leiden
  • Salomonson, J.W. 1979: Voluptatem Spectandi non Perdat sed Mutet, Observations sur l’iconographie du martyre en Afrique Romaine, Amsterdam-Oxford-New York
  • Sendeková, M. 2013: The Persecution of Christians in the Roman Army in the Late 3rd and Early 4th Century, Kultúrne Dejiny 4, Supplement, [Ružomberok], 14–24
  • Tertullian, Apology: The Apology of Tertullian, transl. and annotated W. Reeve; The Meditations of the emperor Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, transl. J. Collier, London- Sydney [1889]
  • Török, L. 1975: Man in the vessel; an Interpretation of a Nubian Fresco Representation, [in:] Michałowski, K. (Ed.), Nubia. Récentes recherches. Actes du colloque nubiologique international au Musée National de Varsovie, 19-22 juin 1972, Warsaw, 121–125
  • Walter, C. 2003: The Warrior Saints in Byzantine Art and Tradition, Aldershot
  • Żurawski, B. 2014: Kings and Pilgrims. St Raphael Church II at Banganarti, mid-eleventh to mid-eighteenth century, Nubia V, Banganarti 2, Warsaw
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.