Wybrane elementy funkcjonowania specjalnych stref ekonomicznych w Polsce ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem podstrefy Białystok suwalskiej specjalnej strefy ekonomicznej
SELECTED ASPECTS OF SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES IN POLAND: BIAŁYSTOK SUBZONE OF SUWAŁKI SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONE
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The dynamic processes occurring in the global economy, resulting in a steadily decreasing significance of industry, require extensive action by public authorities. Both state and local governments are responsible for counteracting the effects of deindustrialisation. Structural changes are mainly caused by high land prices in cities, economy-wide fluctuations and replacement of such economic functions as the industrial production by the more vibrant branches of the economy, e.g. the residential housing or service sectors. Local self-governments are responsible for the economic development of communes. The range of instruments available to assist entrepreneurs is not very wide, while finding new investors in the midst of a profound global crisis requires energetic steps and numerous pro-investment incentives. Entrepreneurs, on the other hand, tend to choose locations which are the most attractive from the point of view of economic efficiency. They expect that local and regional authorities will provide preferential conditions for investment. Special economic zones, whose performance is the focus of the present paper, offer substantial benefits for communal income and help ensure job protection.
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